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Lecture 7

CRM 1301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Positive Criminology, Determinism, Scientific Method


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 1301
Professor
Carolyn Gordon
Lecture
7

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CRM1301 –The Emergence of Positivism
Auguste Comte (1798-1857)
- Humanity and society develops through 3 stages:
Theological
Goodness and evil are attributed to the divine
Heavy emphasis on the supernatural
Heavy emphasis on religion
The demonic age
The age of the monarch
Metaphysical
A discourse of ideas replaces supernatural explanations
Secular explanations
Philosophy
Classical criminology
Positive
Focus on the scientific method, observation, and experimentation
Focus on “why?” rather than “how?”
What is Positive Criminology?
- Method
Scientific
Based on a collection of observable facts
Explains and predicts
Objective
No bias
No prejudice
Cause and effect relationships
The presumed cause comes before the presumed effect
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