POL 1102 G - Politics & Globalization - Mark Salter - 15 Jan. 24
• 50% of the avg city is devoted to the car
• Cornucopians believe that we will find new resources to meet our needs & find solns to the
problems of waste & pollution
- If we want something, we’ll get it
• Malthusians believe that resources are finite & grow at a slower rate than the population’s
• Oil reserves may be exhausted by 2040 (studies)
- Cornucopians believe, well then, we’d just adapt and fine new resources
- Malthusians would believe, well then, we’re screwed
• Despite their ideological differences in politics, US still trades with Venezuela b/c they provide
a significant amount of oil. US can’t impose their foreign policy on them.
• Resource curse: the fact that countries (wrencher states) that are rich in natural resources
ironically develop less quickly than those with less
- surviving on just an extracting industry, therefore avoiding neo-liberalism
- if all you need to do is drill the Earth, you don’t need to develop the other things that
promote a diverse & robust economy
- There’s thus little pressure for such a country to develop other things b/c they make
enormous cash on just 1 resource. They don’t need to follow international trends, they basically
have an environmental trust fund.
- Saudi Arabia is so rich, they give everyone jobs, have no taxes, give free education,
etc. and tell the World Bank to piss off, who is advising that this doesn’t contribute to neo-
• Iran can avoid UN sanctions by selling their oil to China, as they’re the only ones to accept it,
to which they can now obtain a good deal on the oil
- B/c of sanctions, Western products in Iran are either as expensive, if not more, while
their products made in Iran are dirt cheap
• Friedman, It’s a Flat World: more an economy grows, the smaller their politics becomes
- Friedman’s 1st law of Petropolitics: “the price of oil and the pace of freedom always
move in opposite directions”
• Democratic Peace Theory: Democracies don’t go to war with each other.
- If people could vote, they wouldn’t vote for war.
- Implying that the more autocratic a regime, the more likely they’ll head to war
• Problem: limit supply, growing demand. B/c of industrialization, demand growing far faster than
• Where’s the power: Wrencher states have lots of power. B/c they’re wrencher states, they are
unstable, since their power is dependent on that 1 commodity.
• They plan 100 years into the future, unlike Western ideas, since all they care about is the next
few years for re-elections. • They make plenty of investments in developing