Class Notes (837,435)
Canada (510,273)
Sociology (2,090)
SOC3116 (86)

Technoscript analysis: The Design of the Photoelectric Lighting Kit

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Stephan Larose

March 19, 2014 Class Management • Next week, watching documentary A Crude Awakening—on fossil fuel addiction, the energy crisis, economic growth/de-growth, the end of the world, etc. • March 28 is the course evaluation. • April 2 special workshop for research project (submitting the final version); take-home handed out on April 2 and April 4. o Exam will not be posted online—will be due on April 17. Technoscript Analysis • Principle of Symmetry o First coined by Bloor;  It means, impartial to a statement being true or false.  Symmetrical with respect to explaining truth/falsity.  Nature is the result, not the cause of a statement becoming a true fact o Next by Pinch & Bijker;  Technology as being impartial to a machine being success or failure.  Symmetrical with respect to explaining success/failure.  Working is the result, not a cause of a machine becoming success/failure. o In actor-network, symmetry is;  Impartial to an actor being human/inhuman.  Symmetrical with respect to explaining social world/technical world.  The distinction between the technical and the social is the result, not the cause, of the stabilization of the actor-network. • Nonhuman Actor (technology as agency) o Example; Stanley Kubrick’s 2001 A Space Odyssey (1968)—two nonhuman actors acting and changing each other.  The chimp realised its power through creating a tool out of an immobile, ‘useless’ jawbone. • First it was just flipping other bones over, but later physically/mentally transformed itself into an aggressive, kind of homicidal creature. • Ape has been transformed due to the tool, turning into Man. • Physical anthropologist would describe this as an early process of humanization. • The ape is not the only one being transformed; so is the bone. The bone becomes a hammer, and then a club, handy for killing—this is the birth of warfare in geopolitics. o Tools are never simple utensils under human control to fulfill an established purpose. o Ape goes through a shift of action by creating a link with the bone, which modifies them both.  Translation a new goal or possibility, previously not foreseen, has been created. o Ape, with his tribe mates, would later kill the leader of a neighbouring tribe for a puddle of stale water. Consider modern warfare today. • Last week’s reading Mixing Humans and Nonhumans Together; The sociology of a Door-Closer o Technology implicitly suggests its applications and alternative uses to humans.  May change or intermingle human’s course of action; • Ie. Alarm clock waking person up to commit to tasks/responsibilities. o Earlier version of Where are the Missing Masses? The Sociology of a Few Mundane Artifacts (Bijker) o Akrich The De-scription of Technological Objects  Technical objects participate in building heterogeneous networks that bring together actants of all types and sizes whether human or nonhuman. • Script the concept tries to capture the structuring actions of technical objects, how they enable and constrain the relationships between person-things and person-people. • Designers Inscription in the process of inscription, designers define actors with specific tastes, motives, political
More Less

Related notes for SOC3116

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.