ANT101H5 Lecture Notes - Multidisciplinary Approach, Taphonomy, Ethnoarchaeology

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Published on 7 Feb 2013
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Chapter 8 Lecture
Paleoanthropology and Archaeology
Paleoanthropology is the study of ancient human ancestors, specifically hominins
Multidisciplinary approach
o Lot of different disciplines
Process
o Surveys, explanations, lab work
Reconstruct Human Ancestor Behavior & Ecology
o Similar used in archaeology
Methods:
o Dating deal with such large time tables
o Environment hominins lived in as we get a lot of ideas of how they lived and
adapted
o Taphonomy how materials came to be buried and were later disturbed
o Anatomy/biology of hominins
o Behavior/ Culture bones of other animals that might have been food
Vs. archaeology
Archaeology and Archaeological Research Methods
Difference
Paleoanthropologists study hominins before Homo sapiens are sapiens
Archaeology online study us, our species
Definition
Archaeology = the study of the human past through material remains
Focusing on stuff that is left
We’ve developed a lot of sophisticated methods
We look at a very broken representation of the past
European Archaeology = often associated with “Golden Age”
o Focus on the history
o Example Greece
North American archaeology = developed from the interest of the indigenous people of
north America
o Heavily associated with Ethnology and less with history
Research Objectives
To describe that past
o Who, when, where (specifics)
To analyze and reconstruct past life ways
o What (behavior)
To explain past events and directions
o How, why (trends, causes)
Research Design (Scientific Method)
Collect background information
o Generation of hypotheses
Create research design
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