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Lecture 1

ANT101H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Behavioral Modernity, Adam Kadmon, Human Behavior


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT101H5
Professor
Sherry Fukuzawa
Lecture
1

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LECTURE 1: INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY
WHAT IS ANTHROPOLOGY?
The study of all aspects of humankind
A holistic comparative approach to humankind
Universal diversity & commonalities through time & space
Encompasses both CULTURE AND BIOLOGY
Anthropos “human
Logos “study of”
THE BIOCULTURAL APPROACH
CULTURE
System of beliefs, traditions & customs that influences human behavior
Human behavior that is learned and shared by members of a society
Not biologically inherited
Based on symbolic thinking
Evolutionary perspective
Adaptation to an environment
Scientific method
FOUR SUBFIELDS OF ANTHROPOLOGY
1. SOCIOCULTURAL
Holistic study of modern human behavior
Participant observation
Ethnographies
Cross cultural studies (ethnologies)
2. LINGUISTICS
The study of human speech and language
Includes both the origins of language in general and analysis of specific languages
There is an intricate link between language with culture
3. ARCHAEOLOGY
The recovery & analysis of material remains left by human cultures, primarily of the past
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