ANT214H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Enamel Hypoplasia, Harris Lines, Paleopathology

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12 Apr 2019
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Lecture 5 : assess nutrition & health && Paleopathology in bioarchaeological context: paleopathology = study of disease in past pops, study of bone/tissue abnormalities in past. Presence or absence of skeletal markers: overall effects of: Food utilized: cultural practices affecting preparation, distribution of food to members of group (often not even, contribute most to labour = tends males, consumption of food. Assessing past nutrition & health: categories of what talking about, deviation from normal growth patterns. Idea if groups experiencing some type of nutritional stress: reduced adult stature, experience stress as children + while growing, enamel hypoplasia. Lines: harris lines, radio graph, vitamin/mineral deficiencies. Iron, vit d, vit c, trace minerals = most common: osteoporosis, calcium, possibly vit, dental caries (or cavities, osteoarthritis. Recognizing growth disruptions through skeletal stress markers: used to assess nutrition + health, protein energy malnutrition , primary effect = slow rate + amount of skeletal growth, = deviations from normal growth.

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