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Anthropology (1,982)
ANT102H5 (401)
Victor Barac (106)
Lecture 3

Anthro Lecture 3.doc

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Victor Barac

Page 1- Culture: Concepts, Theories, Methods of Study : Focusing on the importance of ethnographic fieldwork Page 2: Overview 1: Origins 1. Herodotus 2. Ibn Battuta 3. Jean de Léry 4. Lewis Henry Morgan 5. Franz Boas 6. Bronislaw Malinowski First cultural anthropologists – inquiry into something – history is an inquiry into something – classical history of Greece we know from his writings 440BC accounts of the Greco Persian wars between 490 and 479. Greeks were fragmentsed intocity scapes vs Persian EMPIRE Significant because it was the first time someone tried to provide an objective account of an occurance – he made it secular – every day/mundane Huge traveller! Obvserve how other people live/immerse yourself in another culture – practice of cultural anthro Page 3 Herodotus (484 B.C. – 425 B.C.): He provided an account of the non greek barbarians (greek slang – bar- bar : to describe people who don’t speak a language you understand) surrounding greece and described other civilized people (north Africa, india, etc) He relied on oral history – interviewing people –soldiers coming back from the military front – Persians defectors- traitors – many believe Herodotus himself was a traitor (a business man – he needed to know their customs to communicate, etc) Founders of oral history – yield mixed results – reveal amazing truths Father of History/ Father of Lies Historians do historiography – overlapping with anthro now Image of globalization Page 4- The World of Herodotus : Moroccan burbur trained as a judge, an expert in legal matters – famous for writing a book (title on the slide). Major figure in islamic cultures around the world Logged a lot of lives Page 5- Ibn Battuta (1304 – 1369 or 1377): SO MUCH TRAVEL – a very extensive account of his travels – had a scribe to write his trip – describes his incredible trip – begins on the Haj (religious pilgrimage) starts on the north african coast – goes to Constantinople and meets with the emporer – travels around the black sea. Second pilgrimage he does even more – makes it all the way to Vietnam in china! Logs over 75000 miles. In delhi, he became a representative of the sultan – was able to visit dignitaries everywhere. After the big trips, he travelled more in Africa – describes in detail and his own reaction to each culture, etc. Respected Christians, but was competitive, etc. Reflexive aspect to his writings, very modern in so far as writing at that point. Caravan – camel – horse, etc Page 6-Ibn Battuta’s Travel: Early modern end ofanthropology and anthropological questions – age of discovery! Interesting anthro ancestor – he was forbidden to missionize so a good example of non colonial – pure ethnography. Provided a detailed account of life with the Tupinamba Herodostos established a popular niche for historical writing, etc. Made all thes books best seelers Semiotics – science of the study of science – encorporates all symbolic forms of communication etc Tupinamba – engaged in endo cannibalism De Lery’s book was an effort to counter Staden’s accounts Cannabalism – weren’t eaten for food – it was a symbolic ritual – raids the men would go on and kill their enemy – seal the alliance of the war party they would eat a part of the meat – symbolic act of political alliance – how they reinforced their bonds – mu
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