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Lecture

ANT 201/200 - March 21st, 2013 - Part 1.doc

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT200H5
Professor
David Smith
Semester
Winter

Description
Final Exam ~ 10 short answer questions Multiple Choice ~ 30 multiple choice • refer to last year’s exam Topic 10: Complex Society in Mesoamerica Remember: Complex Society in Mesoamerican is REGIONAL Location: South Gulf Coast and the Maya Lowlands Maya 1000 BC to AD 1517 Pre-Classic Maya • 1000 BC to AD 300 • chiefdoms – quite possibly? • Urbanized by 200 BC ~ Example: El Mirador Classic Maya • AD 300 to 900 • Located within the Maya lowlands and Yucatan Peninsula • Settlement System type: independent city state Example: Copal • Settlement Patter: Urban Centre - ceremonial precincts surrounded by households of common people • Monumental architecture ~ Pyramids/Temples • Elite residences • Occupational specialization: intensive agriculture: growing maize, beens and squash in raised fields | specialized craft production | potters and mural painters • Mortuary practices: these were differential and complex. There were rich elite burials • Record keeping was done via hieroglyphic script The Maya declined after AD 900 Post-Classic Maya • AD 900 to 1517 • Chichen Itza or Mayappan • Toltec (
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