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Lecture 12

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT241Y5
Professor
Alexander Von Gernet
Semester
Winter

Description
 Ceramic smoking pipes over 4000 used  Long houses made of bark, and branches. Sign of clan printed on the front of the house Lecture 12: Huron Verses Jesuit Belief Systems Seventeenth Century (1600’s) Huron Beliefs:  The source of all huron beliefs was oral tradtions  Huron didn’t have tradition through writing, tradition handed by somebody talking and listening  Process assisted with things that helps you listen  Creation myth: first there was a sky work, in that world there was a man and woman, man pushes his wife down a whole, wife is the first human to create life on earth. Her name is aataentsic  Geese help her frome falling hard and she falls on the back of a turtle, muskrats and other animals dive down into the water and bring out “earth” and place it on the turtles back and that becomes known as “North America” and today it is referred to as the turtles back Oki:  All things had immortal spirits, always around and one of the spirits the huron believed in  They could bring good or bad fortune to people  Tobacco was offered to many of them  The most important of these spirits was the sky Shamans:  Specialists who claimed to control the weather, predict the future, bring luck or heal the sick  They obtained most of their powers through visions or dreams Causes of Illness:  Natural (treated with herbs, incisions, sweating, etc)  Witchcraft (treated by removing spells from a sick person’s body)  Unfulfilled desires of the soul (treated by determing and fulfilling the desires)  These are manifested through a person’s dreams (language of the soul) Dreams or Visions  Extremely important to the huron  The community went to great lengths to satisfy desires of the soul as revealed in dreams Huron Soul Theory  Pluralistic: each person has atleast two and as many as five souls  For the souls of the after life, a distinction was made between “body-sken” and “free-sken”  After death, the body-sken stays with the corpse, the free sken wanders about  Approximately every ten years, the bones of the deceased were stripped of flesh and removed from the cemetery  The deceased from various villages were then re-buried in a communal ossuary during a ritual known as the “feast of the dead”  After the feast of the dead, the free sken no longer lingered about the villages, but left for the “village of souls”  In the villages of souls, the free-sken lived much as they had in the realm of the living  The body sken could be reincarnated (as evidenced by similarities between the living and the dead) Exceptions:  The rema
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