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ANT313 (Oct 18, 2012) - Chinese Middle Neolithic.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Gary Crawford

- China – Middle Neolithic o Text: Liu and Chen (Chapter 6)  Focus on Liao R. Valley; The Yellow River region; Hemudu culture (Hemudu and Tianluoshan sites) o Peterson  Pages 265-270; 296-299 and any parts that interests you - Video chat with Gyoung Ah Lee o Munam RC o Neolithic site o 8000BP or 6000 BC o Farming; millet o Strong idea about Neolithic people are hunter and gatherers  90% are found along the coast and shell midden  Marine oriented  Until late 1990s, people started to find plant remains and subsistence patterns to get a bigger picture of Neolithic life  Some people think the plant remains might be from bronze age  Pit houses built in dry field o Jomon is bronze age like, but without the bronze - Issues o What are the characteristics of the rhetoric readings?  How does this relate to the ideology of Chinese archaeology o Regionalism and interaction o Economy , technology, division of labour o Social organization o Religion, emergence of shamans o Zhang (in Chang et al. 2005 – Ch.3) says open questions pertain to dating, origins, and development of individual sites - Geography o China has two regions we’re mainly focused on  Dry northern regions  Bottom south region (wet) and deals with rice o Middle Neolithic  Early yangshao - Neolithic cultures of China - Map from text o The main area we’re concerned about is the area 1 (Hongshan) and 3 (Yangshao) (northern) - Modern regionalism evident? o Naming cultures according to the provinces while ignoring the overlaps and continuum - Neolithic through time o Chang 1986 o In middle Neolithic, more continuity o By late Neolithic, there are so many similarities so there’s lots of interactions - Banpo and Jiangzhai o Near river valleys or terraces - Banpo site (middle Neolithic of north China) - Banpo site structure o Different size structures o Ditch with bridge over it o Round houses o Rectangular houses o Communal space o Open space/plaza o Developing a capitalist society because according to trends of Iroquoian?  Some people were getting richer and some poorer  Communism and matriarchal  Once agriculture comes in, class struggles begin  Plays into the communist manifesto?  ALL FALSE, NOT TRUE - Jiangzhai site (Banpo culture) o Similar to Banpo structure o 3 zones o Several large houses associated with pits o Feel they can confirm there’s 5 proposed sectors and gravitate towards large structures within them - Ditch o Massive structure - Round houses and mud walls
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