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BIO 152 notes

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University of Toronto Mississauga

Biology Group 4 Project How can exercise improve the physical fitness? Physical Exercise is the performance of some activity to develop or maintain physical fitness or overall health. Exercise is grouped into 3 kinds depending on the effect they have on the human body: -Flexibility exercises such as stretching that help to improve the range of motion of muscles and joints. -Aerobic Exercises such as walking and running. -Anaerobic Exercises weight training, functional training. Given below are the various workout equipments found in the gym and how they help improve the physical fitness. 1. Treadmill- A sporting equipment used for running without moving any distance. It has the following advantages: - Known speeds at all times of the run, and being able to change speeds as needed. -Running or walking on a treadmill can be an effective way to workout compared to other complex cardiovascular exercises. Its disadvantages are: - Many users find treadmills boring and lose interest after a period. - May cause personal injury if not used properly. 2. Weights- Weight is a common type of strength training for developing the strength and size of skeletal muscles. A weight machine is an exercise machine used for weight training that uses gravity as the primary source of resistance, and a combination of simple machines to convey that resistance to the person using the machine. 3. Exercise Bicycle- It is a stationary bicycle used as exercise equipment and not for transportation. An exercise bike has been a long time favorite in the rehab clinics because of the low-impact cardiovascular exercise it provides. It allows you to perform safe, as well as an effective cardiovascular exercise. The low-impact movement involved in operating an exercise bike does not put much stress on your joints and does not involve herky- jerky motions that some other fitness equipment may require. 4. Elliptic
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