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Lecture 6

ENV310H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: List Of Countries By Social Progress Index, Uranium Mining, Participatory Development


Department
Environment
Course Code
ENV310H5
Professor
Barbara Murck
Lecture
6

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Reading Response
Due Thursday October 19
400-800 pages
Midterm test
Wednesday, October 25 (1 hour)
25% of course mark
No tutorials that week
Written-answer questions
o not full sentences - point form answers
o some matching or fill-in-the-blank; no multiple-choice
o check short- and medium-answer questions from past exams to get an
idea
Tutorials: Maybe (general)
Assignment: Maybe (general)
Lectures: Definitely
Readings: Probably (general)
Assignment #2
Due Thursday, November 2 before midnight
Social Progress Index
Assignment (8%):
o Guided exploration
o Seven questions, 8-12 paragraphs
o ~3 hour to complete
Voices of Sustainability
Wednesday, November 8: Prof. Shashi Kant, Director, MScSM Program
o “An Integrated Approach to Sustainability Management”
o Will talk about MScSM program
o Invite friends to attend if you like
o He tends to give away questions they ask in the interview!!
Environmental Justice
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Recent concept (late 1980s), w/ deeper roots
Socio-economic underpinnings:
o Human rights and social justice
o Workplace safety and env health
o Racial and ethnic issues; env racism
o Self determination of indigenous ppls
2 main foci:
o fair distribution of costs and harm of env degradation
who tends to bear the costs of pollution?
o equitable access to resources and ecological benefits
Social Justice and then env - Case Studies
Great Bear Lake uranium mining
o Indigenous rights
o labour rights
o environmental health
o Goes back to 30s
o Uranium mining for bombs
o NWT - problems even today
o Hired specifically indigenous ppls
dont understand risk and don’t speak english
sleeping on top of radioactive ore
they got cancer
o Smokers excluded from settlement (from law suit)
Amazon rubbertappers
o getting latex from trees
o not indigenous but people are settlers and have been living there for long
(traditional way of life)
o in conflict w/ cattle ranchers
o Brazil
o Decade of destruction
o Chico Mendes (1944-1988)
became well known for talking about the struggles of the
rubbertappers
he thought of himself as a social activists
predicted that he would be killed by cattle ranchers
Env justice, social justice and sustainability
What do they have in common?
o Concern w/ intra- and inter- generational distributional equity
o Concern w/ quality of life - individual and community
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How do we do social sustainability?
Participatory development: involve people and communities in decisions that
affect their lives
o often insensitive to local context of env, politics, religion, culture,
geography, history; participatory development seeks to fix this
o Related to civic engagement
o Long-term planning process; bottom-up
What do you want? what do you need?
Most successful in projects that promote health, education, community resource
management
Some things (e.g. poverty alleviation) still work between w/ a “top-down”
approach
Participatory development
Participatory forest management Kenya
Flood management Pakistan
Agricultural market development Peru
Inspiration Port Credit
Social enterprise: What is it?
A company/organization whose primary purpose is to improve human wellbeing,
rather than maximize profits
o Clear sense of social mandate, community impacts
o Market and commercial strategies used to improve human and env
wellbeing
o Can be for-profit, not-for-profit, or both (e.g. Summerhill Group; consulting
company)
Consumer engagement in stewardship
Liveability
Factors that add up to a community’s quality of life, including built and natural
environments, economic prosperity, social stability and equity, educational
opportunity, and cultural entertainment and recreation possibilities (looks like
sustainability)
How do we create a livable community?
Huge focus in the planning community right now.
One way to think about it: community structures and built environments that
enhance and promote social capital = liveability
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