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Ragab, H (11)
Lecture 8

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Forensic Science
Ragab, H

Lecture 8 November-02-12 10:26 PM Forensic Pathology  A sub-specialty of pathologists& is concerned with application of pathological principles to the investigation of the medico-legal aspects of death (part medical and legal aspects of the case as it has a forensic aspect)  First recognized in USA by American Board of Pathology in 1959  In Canada it was formally recognized in 2003 and a formal training program is currently being established under supervision of Royal College  Forensic Pathologists are medically qualified doctors who perform autopsies. Anyone who wants to be a Forensic Pathologist needs a Medical Degree and 1 year of qualified experience Forensic Investigation of Death Involves:  Pathologists  Crime Scene Investigators  Forensic Scientists  Other specialists (anthropologists) Forensic Pathology - Lecture 2  Death  Cause, Manner & Mechanism of Death  Delayed death  Medicolegal Cases  Objectives of a Medicolegal Examination  Forensic Autopsy Vs. External Examination  Extent of the Autopsy  Differences between Hospital and Medicolegal Autopsy  Identification of Bodies  Autopsy Report Death  The permanent Termination (cessation) of biological (vital) functions that sustain a living organism. o CVS - Syncope >>> Circulatory Failure o RS - Asphyxia >>> Respiratory Failure o CNS - Coma >>> CNS Failure (Brain Death)  Death of individual ==> Somatic/Clinical  Death of Tissues ==> Molecular/Cellular death  Time between Somatic & Molecular death ==== Molecular Life Manner of Death  Violent deaths: o Accidental o Homicide o Suicide  Natural  Unexplained(undetermined) Causes/Manner & Mechanism of Death  Cause of death: o any injury or disease that produces a physiological derangement in the body that results in the individual death  Mechanism of Death: o The physiological derangement produced by the cause of death that results in death Delayed Death  Most people fail to realize that violent deaths are retained even if there is a long delay between injury and death Medicolegal Cases  Violent deaths  Sudden and unexpected deaths  Deaths have no attending physician  Deaths that are suspicious, i.e., may be violent  Deaths in custody Objectives of Medicolegal Exam  Identification of the deceased  Identify the cause of death Identify cause & Mechanism of death  Determine the manner of death  Interpretation of injuries  Collect trace evidence  Determine the time of death  Testify in the court to the findings Forensic Autopsy Vs. External Examination  It is not necessary to perform an autopsy in all medicolegal cases. The most obvious reasons for performing an autopsy are: o To determine the cause of death o To document injuries o To exclude other causes of dea
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