HIS261H5 Lecture Notes - Expulsion Of The Acadians, Quebec Act

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
UTM
Department
History
Course
HIS261H5
Professor
January 21, 2013
New France
Continuous warfare between the colonies, England vs. France at war, the smaller colonies in NA
would have battles. Peace treaties would also occur, example would be Louisiana would be
transferred from French to Spanish etc, Swedish & Dutch colonies would become part of British
colonies, became part of Baltimore
Acadia: Chaplain and Damal went to the Bay of Fundy and set a small settlement, although a
few people did survive, what happened was after the 1620s, “New Scotland” now part of present
day NS, was briefly claimed as British territory, prompted some settlers in this area, 1630s some
small colonies, 1660s was British claimed, but eventually went back to French control. French
area refers to Acadia, no borders but refers to largest settlement in Bay of Fundy. 1630s,40s, etc
small French settlement developing in the shore, by 1700s the population was 1500 at these
various places. Because it was out of the way, the French authority was minimum, when the
French monarch made the decree in 1663 to make the province of New France a part of france, it
didn’t pay attention to Acadia, the authorities didn’t pay much attention, back & forth French
control felt it was half English, didn’t know if it would have the remaining authority under it
forever. It also had close relations with New England colonies to the south, trading informally
and close relationship with Native people & communicated with them. There was French words
used in Acadia that had “Mic Mac” connections (native). No commercial fishing, Acadians
more agricultural, pay attention to the land, the Bay of Fundy: highest tides in the world,
Authorities were weak, how legitimate was it when you characterize “Acadia”
-Western territory: expanded fur trade into the west, could hire men, get canoons in the spring
and paddle, southwest and to north west, knowledge of geography in the territory was limited to
the waters they travelled, result was expanded increase in trade goods, more furs coming in,
Montreal became the middle ground of the fur trade. Almost no settlement throughout this area,
just the trading networks, those who lived there was temporary, employees of business venture..
the forts became part of this territorial claim of the French, served as military and economic
importance, the ports had a catholic missionary at them, convert them at it.. age of exploration.
KasKasia< small settlement, unusual kind of society, wouldn’t live there forever, they were not
conquered by the incoming fur trade. Sought the permission of the native people to enter, traded
equally, and carried on business, didn’t conquer. Principle of first nation, independence of north
America. Semi permanent marriage: custom of a country unions emerged a new race of people,
children were half native half European. Bi cultural and bi-lingual
: Origins of the Metis: half European half bi-lingual: clear sense of themselves as a distinct
people, foot in both cultures. Critical part of fur trade, present day Wisconsin,
English Colonies
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Document Summary

Continuous warfare between the colonies, england vs. france at war, the smaller colonies in na would have battles. Peace treaties would also occur, example would be louisiana would be transferred from french to spanish etc, swedish & dutch colonies would become part of british colonies, became part of baltimore. French area refers to acadia, no borders but refers to largest settlement in bay of fundy. 1630s,40s, etc small french settlement developing in the shore, by 1700s the population was 1500 at these various places. Because it was out of the way, the french authority was minimum, when the. It also had close relations with new england colonies to the south, trading informally and close relationship with native people & communicated with them. There was french words used in acadia that had mic mac connections (native). No commercial fishing, acadians more agricultural, pay attention to the land, the bay of fundy: highest tides in the world,

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