The Caribbean and Mesoamerica
Aztecs controlled Mexico before the Spanish
Island of Hispaniola (present day DR/Haiti)
o Occupied by the Taino (Arawaks) 500 years ago
o Root crap- manioc. Made cassava bread
o Columbus may have landed here in 1490s
o Caribs may have been cannibals.
o Columbus described the island as full of resources, fearful ppl
o Encomienda system
Spanish settlers were granted rights to the ppl’s labour- they would protect the
Taino, Spanish could mine for gold on the island (Taino had to labour/mine)
Population 700 000, but in 25 yrs 29 000. The women didn’t want children b/c
Spanish tortured and killed Taino when they arrived.
o Sugarcane: impt for economy in Saint-Domingue (18 cent)
Slavery of ppl who arrived from Africa
Slaves had terrible lives
o Coffee: didn’t compete with sugar, but complimented the economy
o Mid 1700s- St. Domingue was the leading producer of sugar and coffee.
o The Haitian Revolution
St. Domingue- most profitable slave colony in the world (French colony)
8000 sugar plantatio