Class Notes (783,221)
Canada (480,539)
History (549)
HIS338H5 (17)

lec 8.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Rebecca Wittmann

Lecture 8  Repression and suppression going on, mostly suppression o Desire to push into background what's happening with Holocaust  April 1845 when British liberate camp Bergen-Belsen (?) come across bodies o One of places where people starved and didn't make it during death marches from Poland to Germany o Encountered dead, starved, naked body and were shocking when came across them b/c weren't prepared for this o 3 years later after knowing what was going on but were still shocked  Use of propaganda o WWI British used German atrocities to propagate terrible atrocities, some true some not, so this 2nd time during WWII didn't really believe it o Countries also busy with the war, people/soldiers etc. more concerned about their own houses  Got so much info from exiled Polish government in London knew what was going on and 1942- 1943 published and sent info to press o 1942 exiled Polish prime minister radiocasted clearly what was going on o 1943 statistically accurate and emotional letter get published by British press (Zygelboim letter)  Late 1943 Rudolf Vrba escaped Auschwitz and with Wetzler wrote Vrba-Wetzler report in 1944 to British what Auschwitz was like in 1943 (in detail) o Still not much action taken  Prob: info people receiving and how to process it  It's not that people don't know what's going on but either don't understand what's going on or shift priority somewhere else (i.e. focus in war: win war, mass murder over) Switzerland, _________ heard about Wannsee Conference and sent telegram to London's foreign  office, state office of US to send to head of Jewish committee Steven Wise(?) o Foreign office in US sit on it for 3 months  When he gets it, causes allied declaration which confirms annihilation of Jews and what's going on o Prob: numbers are off, not using acid but CO and cyanide  June 1941 invasion of Soviet Union brought to attention to western countries o Reports: Hungarian soldiers on leave, many witnesses  1942 number of Jews to be murdered etc all these plans leaked to Allies, Bundt (?) etc. o Also to ___________ (member of underground resistance in Poland)  Would cross line between occupied Poland  Even entered Warsaw ghetto  Was already courier of info but saw firsthand and transferred info  Nov 1942 delivered on behalf of Polish Jews to allies to stop this o Met with Roosevelt ad tried hard to get these countries to intervene  Around same time as Allie declaration, has to do with fact that they know what's going on, have to acknowledge what's going on and stop it  Took time to come out, genocide began summer 1941 and year and a half later find out and 1944- 1945 some action started to be taken  Discussion guaranteeing neutral countries …  Store money in Swiss so it can be transferred back but that wasn't the case  1943 Bermuda Conference o Looking like a real plan being formed o April 1943 US and British officials met to think of solution for wartime refugees  1944 War Refugee Board o Government agency set up by Roosevelt thanks to pressure from Jewish ministers in government  Became important for getting info and getting refugees  Played role in Hungary when Hungary stop being allie and occupied by Germany o Request Hungarians not send Jews and requested President to o Pressure from Vatican too, was enough to put a stop in 1944  Some of the help wouldn't have been given in 1942 because Germans on winning streak 
More Less

Related notes for HIS338H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.