LIN232H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Suppletion, Adverb, Phonetic Transcription
Free morphemes can occur as independent words (e. g. car, true, act, fast, canada) Bound morphemes cannot occur as independent words (e. g. : un-, re--,s-ish, etc) Difference between an affixes and bound morphemes: not all bound morphemes are affixes, as they may be bound roots (thus they can"t appear in isolation/freely) un is a negation of that root and thus why it can be unkempt or just kempt -> kempt is called a bound root because it can"t be separated more. Sometimes affixes become free-form independent words (ex: con and pro are talked about like they"re free morphemes) Base is the form to which an affix is attached (thus a root can be a base) -> something that already has an affix can also be a base. Ex: truthful = a base is attached and thus you get truthfulness. -> it could be a root or bigger than a root.