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Lecture 14

SPA100Y5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Pluperfect, Trado, Ender Wiggin

Language Studies
Course Code
Arturo Martinez

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1) The subjunctive or indicative after certain conjunctions
A) Conjunctions that are always followed by the subjunctive
En caso de que in case
Sin que without
Con tal (de) que provided that
A menos que unless
Para que in order that
Antes de que before
Voy a ir al gimnasio con tal que los chicos vayan conmigo I’m going
to go to the gym provided that the boys go with me
Llámelos antes d que salgan call them before they leave
No me van a dar la beca a menos que ella me una carta They’re
not going to give me the scholarship unless she gives me a
Yo puedo dársela en caso de que ella no quiera hacerlo I can give it
to you in case she doesn’t want to do it
B) Conjunctions that are followed by the subjunctive or indicative
- Follows certain conjunctions when the main clause refers to the future or is a
Cuando when
Hasta que until
Tan pronto como, en cuanto as soon as
Lo van a esperar? Are you going to wait for him?
Sí, hasta que llegue Yes, until he arrives
En cuanto llegue, díganle que me llame As soon as he arrives, tell
him to call me
- If there is no indication of a future action, the conjunction of time is followed
by the indicative
Siempre lo esperan? Do you always wait for him?
Sí, hasta que llega Yes, until he arrives
2) The past participle
A) Forms of the past participle
-ar verbs
-er verbs
-ir verbs
Habl-ado (spoken)
Com-ido (eaten)
Decido-ido (decided)
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