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PHL290 Jan 18 th Parapraxes - most parapraxes perhaps all have a sense or purpose - why does it occur? Because the purpose that it has conflicts with some other purpose - parapaxes displays victory of one of the conflicting purpose o it’s the first sign in us that we have mental desires and purposes Dreams - when there is refusal on the part of the client to tell a dream, this is known as resistance - when there is resistance, there is always a sign that something important is being hidden - whenever you are resisting something and say no, it’s a sign that it means yes - when the client does tell the dream, the problem is in interpreting it o basically 2 different senses of interpretation  manifest/realist: answer is hidden • realist notion of interpretation • contrasted with what is latent • only one answer • interpretation is the search for the one answer • supposing that its hiding something that has meaning • trying to find that meaning  constructivist: the distinction is not between true and false • not a case of finding the correct interpretation – both answers make sense • not a “correct” interpretation - does Freud have a realistic interpretation? o is there one correct answer? o or more than one answer that makes good sense?  would Freud accept that there might be more than one interpretation and would he accept those interpretations? - he already has a set standard – textbook criteria that he follows o so he must be a realist o he believes dreams have a hidden side and a manifest side (manifest: the story the dream tells) – hidden latent side (what we must find out) - dreams occur during the night – kinds of hallucinations - there are mental events that are like dreams but don’t occur during the night – if we were to compare dreams to something else that resembles dreams
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