Jan 18 th
- most parapraxes perhaps all have a sense or purpose
- why does it occur? Because the purpose that it has conflicts with some other purpose
- parapaxes displays victory of one of the conflicting purpose
o it’s the first sign in us that we have mental desires and purposes
- when there is refusal on the part of the client to tell a dream, this is known as resistance
- when there is resistance, there is always a sign that something important is being hidden
- whenever you are resisting something and say no, it’s a sign that it means yes
- when the client does tell the dream, the problem is in interpreting it
o basically 2 different senses of interpretation
manifest/realist: answer is hidden
• realist notion of interpretation
• contrasted with what is latent
• only one answer
• interpretation is the search for the one answer
• supposing that its hiding something that has meaning
• trying to find that meaning
constructivist: the distinction is not between true and false
• not a case of finding the correct interpretation – both answers
• not a “correct” interpretation
- does Freud have a realistic interpretation?
o is there one correct answer?
o or more than one answer that makes good sense?
would Freud accept that there might be more than one interpretation
and would he accept those interpretations?
- he already has a set standard – textbook criteria that he follows
o so he must be a realist
o he believes dreams have a hidden side and a manifest side (manifest: the story
the dream tells) – hidden latent side (what we must find out)
- dreams occur during the night – kinds of hallucinations
- there are mental events that are like dreams but don’t occur during the night – if we
were to compare dreams to something else that resembles dreams