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Lecture 15

lecture 15 IPCE reading notes

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Political Science
Todd Hall

POL208 – Reading Notes (IPCE) Lecture 16 International Integration • Globalization and Integration o Supranational Orgs: subsume a bumber of states and their functions w/i a larger whole  All contain a struggle b/w the contradictory forces of nationalism and supranationalism – b/w state sovereignty and the higher authority of supranational structures • Integration Theory o Attempts to explain why states choose supranationalism, which challenges once again the foundations of realism (state sovereignty and territorial integrity) o International Integration: refers to the process by which supranational insts replace nat’l ones  The gradual shifting upward of sovereignty from state to regional or global structures o European moves toward integration could be explained by functionalism – growth of specialized tech orgs that cross nat’l borders  Tech and econ development lead to more and more supranational structures as states seek practices means to fulfill necessary functions such as delivering mail from one country to another or coordinating the use of rivers that cross borders o Neofunctionalism: modification of functional theory by IR scholars to explain these developments  The dev of more general, more political supranat’l bodies, such as the European Parliament  Argue that econ integration generates a pol dynamic that drives integration further  Spillover: closer econ ties require more pol coordination in order to cooperate effectively and eventually lead to pol integration as well o Security Community: created by the low expectation of violence among the states of Western Europe • The European Union o Idea future wars would be prevented by creating econ linkages that would eventually bind states together politically o The ECSC (European Coal and Steel Comm) succeeded in econ cooperation, but state sovereignty prevailed in pol and military affairs o The Treaty of Rome  Created 2 new orders • One extended the coal and steel idea into a new realm, atomic energy o Created Euro Econ Comm (EEC), later known as Euro Comm (EC) • Creating a free trade area meant lifting tariffs and restrictions on the movement of goods across (EEC) borders, as was done shortly after 1957 o Today the Euro FTA (EFTA) is an extended fta associated with the EU • Customs Union o Participating states adopt a unified set of tariffs w/ regard to goods coming in from outside the fta o Creates free and
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