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POL250 September 17.docx

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Political Science
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Andrea Olive

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POL250 September 17/12 Policy Actors and Institutions: - Branches of Government 1) Executive Branch 2) Judiciary Branch 3) Legislative Branch - Canada is the largest country by coast line, second largest by land mass - Parliamentary government, constitutional monarchy - Huge amount of natural resources - Federalism- shared power between two or more levels of government - Canada has National and Provincial power, both have law making and taxation powers - One level cannot alter the other’s level of power - All Canadians have a MP and a MLA/MPP - English Canada favoured unitary state (like Britain), French Canada wanted Quebec to have jurisdiction over linguistic and cultural matters - Maritimes wanted federalism - Result…compromise. Relatively strong national government, but independent provinces with real powers - BC joined in 1871 - PEI joined in 1873 - Arctic Islands were given to Canada by Britain in 1880 - Yukon was established in 1998 - Newfoundland joined is 1949 - Not until 1999 did Nunavut become a territory on its own right - Provinces have a lot of power: management and sale of public lands, property rights, non- renewable natural resources, forestry resources and hydro energy - Sovereign- constitutional monarchy, Queen Elizabeth second, represented by David Johnston - Technically responsible for appointing PM, also decides when to dissolve Parliament - Symbolic, they don’t actually do anything for us - Prime Minister: cabinet is at the center of policy making in Canada, they are the ones to introduce new bills into Parliament - We do not vote for the PM directly as a nation - After the PM is elected, they must select cabinet members from the House (or Senate) - Biggest source of power is the federal budget, all spending of public revenue must be introduced by cabinet - Harper is not an environmentalist: backed out of the Kyoto Protocol, supported or the Tar Sands, supporter of Arctic exploration - Harper has provided funding for public transportation, Arctic research, clean energy and national parks, like Rouge Urban Park - Environment Canada’s mandate: preserv
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