Sept 20th lec.docx

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Political Science
Justin Bumgardner

Conflict managementThird parties intervening in a conflictcivil war to try to manage it Reducing the level of conflict in a war or rivalryFewer conflictrelated fatalitiesFewer incidents of conflictA peace treaty if you have two groups fighting and use mediation to negotiate it may be a good sign of conflict management if they sign a treatyConflict management does not necessarily mean conflict resolution an end to all hostilities means the rebel groups are demilitarized resolution is better your ending it management is reducing the level of violenceOver 90 of conflict management takes place in civil warsCivil conflicts affect neighbouring statesRefugee problems displaced persons who have left their homes and have gone to another country They dont really have a choice UNHCR high commission on refugees cant do everything alone puts pressure on neighboring governments ex Syria Lebanon Turkey and Jordan Economic problemsMilitary entanglementsPolitical instability cause neighbor countries may inspire a rebellion to start in a neighboring country Libria 1989 and political instability in Sierre Liona thereWar spills across borders Why peace is so difficult to achieve in civil warsPeace is not the primary goal of the local combatants government and rebels fighting goal of third party may be peaceViolence occurred because both sides believed that killing and death was necessaryStakes are the permanent control of the government Syrian civil war why has it been going on for two years because each party wants control Assad they do not want to step down from power rebels dont want to accept any outcome besides Assad leavingCivil wars generally end with military victory for one side
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