Class Notes (806,817)
Canada (492,453)
POL327Y5 (40)
Jurgensen (20)

March 25.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Political Science

No France ID. Essay= comparing foreign policies differ drastically in political culture & structures. When u throw together countries diverse it’s hard to come up with comparisons, limited to pairings etc china and India. Drastic tax, undermine the concept of banks, depositing is supposed to be safe. When you deposit money into bank, your subject to that being taken by the government why would anyone put their money in the bank, population tried to get them out of the banks. Citizens of Cyprus extensive links that there deposits were threatened so was everyone else, threatens the EU as a whole. Backaways partially, exempts those under 100,000 larger deposits are international, not citizens & they are Russian. Cyprus economy deposits in its bank 8 times its gdp. Attract foreign investors, avoid paying taxes. This agreement might shut this down & limit it to tourism. Raises questions about banking, sets up the problem that banks can be bailed @ the expense of their depositers, big implications on EU & Russia. Russia Putin not said much, denounced the agreement saying it was an attack on Russian citizens, open shock of financial ww3, implication in international banking, lead to conflicts between EU nations, & EU and Russia. US foreign policy looked @ US foreign policy in the Middle East in responses to Arab Spring: Egypt, Libya etc. Syria= somewhat exception that American government appeared to stay out of the conflict, not providing significant aid to the rebels. False, CIA have been closely connected with two groups associated w/ Syrian rebels, Obama announced last week despite CIA acknowledges it, it’s only providing Humanitarian aid. Obvious= Syria a crucial link between Iran, and Palestinian territories and Lebanon. Take out Syria, severe the link between Iran and Hamas in Gaza Strip in West Bank, diminish Iran attack can retaliate in places like Lebanon and occupied territories around Israel. Cyprus = a divided country, Island South of Turkey in Medeterian, coexisted until 1960 until war beween Greece & Turkey, governed by Turkey and south dominated by Greek population, shattered zone of different interests. Key problems in the EU was the conflict in Cyprus, both Turkey & Greece. Last Term: theoretical issues how to explain foreign policies of states, and different schools of thought involved in attempting to do so, as most international relations courses do = Realism: argue politics between nations takes place in self help system where each player is responsible for its own security, does whatever necessary for its security, act rationaly from force, to ensure their own survival/security by maximizing their power militarially, economically and to some extent to soft power (ability not to force others to do what you want, but to get others to want what you want). They act rationally but does not mean they all act the same, find themselves in different situations, great powers & fields of comparative foreign policy, those that have an independent foreign policy, small powers lesser powers, in the language of IR, are in a very different situation, as in international affairs, the weak suffer, if your weak you depend on the good will of more powerful states, forced into various alliances that protect your security, do so because its in their interest. Sall power have to make sure it is there interest. Not all see foreign policy as this rationale game of rational actors Liberal Pluralist They will sometimes lead to rational choices in international affairs, they may led into the effort of disaster, Iraq intervention, liberals and pluralists, largely explained to reference to domestic politics, intervention in Iraq, most supporters of that decision weakend the US internationally, what made the USA rationale actors, in the international system act that way, influence of domestic lobbies. Reference to military industrial complex: organizations and their links to government that benefit to the production of arms, military itself. Other political actors, the influence of organizations like Ipac, since the regime of Hussain was one of the strongest supporters of Palestine rights, benefited from that intervention and they have powerful allies within the US, look @ institutions of American lobbying occurs in congress, how it gives access to lobbies that influence policies Marxist= variation of the Liberal Pluralist point of view when it comes to explaining foreign policy, they emphasize economic interest & would put a great deal on the road of oil, Constructivst: political culture shaping pereptions of political leaders as well as the public and influence the nature of decision making, realist when It comes to this, explaining disasters focus on uncertainty, the international affairs we know & things we don’t know, all of these things lead that we make stupid decisions, not evident when we are rationale. Understand foreign policy of USA, case studies of this term, Russia: pointed out in contrast to the US, drastic political changes, changes in regime type that have governed Russia in the years, despite these changes, that in the last 20 years, there seem to be considerable amount of discontinuity, viewed itself as a counter weight to those in the west, integrate those in the western economies, integrate it into western Europe, slip in opposite direction, Putin authoritarian direction, confronting western powers and so on, despite these waves and momentary ..we noted considerable continuities, between SU and Putin, but also between SU and its predecessors under the governments that proceeded it, shaped by factors that continue to influence Russia foreign policy 6 factors Russia: a) primary perception of weakness via its international competitors 2) size and location, low population density in much of the territory, requiring tremendous inferstructure to consolidate the control over the territory, contributing also to it, mutli national state, fragile national identity, regardless of soviet union or current ira, had to deal with the fact consisted of populations that didn’t identify them as Russians. Separate identities, and those in soviet period: republics that have since gain independence, but today continue to be a problem in regions like Cheneia, beyond that..rather dangerous neighbourhood, throughout its history, surrounded by all sides but hostile powers, all of which has met on the part of Russia have been to push its control outwards to create buffers to protect its forces on its barifferarie. This has created the result of making Russia appear as a threat from those states its trying to protect themselves from. EU: 2 dominate states Germany & France. EU increasingly becoming an important actor in international affairs, but suffered from significant weaknesses as an actor in affairs, economic giant, equivalent in economic power.. politically it was relatively weak and military it was almost insignificant. Today EU more military more powerful, the nato members have played a significant role in regime change that was forced on Libya, Syria, and Mali in North Africa while they have become economically weak. Problem = lacks a clear identity, clear set of cu
More Less

Related notes for POL327Y5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.