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Psych 100 Learning

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Dax Urbszat

Oct 22/2012 Learning  Learning refers to a change in the way an organism responds based on experience  Reponses are learned rather than innate: not true, we are born with some responses  Classical conditioning: Ivan Pavlov noted that reflexive salivation in dogs could be a result of a stimuli associated with feeding  Reflexive stimulus and response are unconditioned: Born with  Neutral stimulus is the bell, is the conditioned stimulus  Acquisition and extinction  Extinction occurs when the conditioning weakens because the UCs is not present anymore  Acquisition occurs when the repeated parings of unconditioned and conditioned stimulus are presented together.  Recovery sometimes occurs spontaneously when the conditioned stimulus is presented again  Stimulus generalization and discrimination  Stimulus generalization when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the past stimulus. (Dog stars salivating when the phone rings, because t sounds like a bell)  Stimulus discrimination occurs when the organism does not respond in the same way to a stimulus that is similar to the original stimulus, but only and only to the original  Classical conditioning issues  Forward conditions, the unconditioned stimulus is presented after the conditioned stimulus (good conditioning)  Simultaneous conditioning, both stimulus are presente
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