Class Notes (835,260)
Canada (509,048)
Psychology (4,206)
PSY240H5 (289)
Hywel Morgan (100)
Lecture 5

PSY240 Lecture 5.docx

6 Pages
109 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSY240H5
Professor
Hywel Morgan
Semester
Summer

Description
PSY240 Lecture 5 - Feb 4, 2013 Theoretical Approaches in Abnormal Psychology - continuation of lecture 4  biomedical theories - usually referred to as etiological theories (what causes abnormal behaviour)  depression also effectively treated using psychotherapy  psychotherapy and medication both as effective as each other, research shows  o medication preferred b/c a lot cheaper o when both used together more effective  Szasz 3 problems with the biomedical model  o 1. disease should not be a causal explanation for problems in living (social problems) and beliefs that a person holds o 2. mental illness has become widely accepted as referring to deviations from psychosocial, legal and ethical norms o  illogical to treat medically if defined in non-med criteria o 3. with exception of schizophrenia, its not clear what the biomedical mechanisms of other diseases are  Psychosocial theories  o PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORIES o  Freud first notable person to pose psychodynamic theory (physician, not father of psychology)  Freud said intrapsychic (subconscious) conflict is cause of all abnormal behaviours   starts in childhood memories  free association specific therapy used in psychodynamic psychotherapy   also called "talking therapy"  client talks abt whatever they want, free speech  not looking at therapist, no interruption by therapist  therapist interrupts when there is a freudian slip   slip of information from subconscious o BEHAVIOURAL THEORIES o  the first psychologists  wanted to study psych. behaviour from a scientific point of view  very interested in observation, not interested in thoughts of people, only behaviours  discovery of conditioning: classical and operant   classical discovered by Pavlov  operant discovered by Thorndike  therapies do not require verbal communication  most species can be conditioned (most basic form of learning) o COGNITIVE THEORIES o  acknowledgement that behaviours and thoughts can be learned wrong  came out in the 50s/60s o HUMANISTIC THEORIES o  also formed in the 50s/60s  humanistic approach to therapy   therapist asks you to sit in front of the mirror and say to yourself: "I'm wonderful", "I'm worth it", and hug yourself and smile when you say it  all behaviours have worth  somewhere you have it within yourself to make youself better   resources to make yourself better within the person himself  try to get person to understand all of themselves in terms of functionality and capabilities  respects person's right to make their own choices  requires fairly sophisticated understanding of self  not effective with children b/c talking therapy   b/c don't have well developed individual who has capacity to fully understand the self  not effective for ppl with schizophrenia Lecture 5  PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT  o assessment occurs before diagnosis typically o  assessment is also ongoing b/c want to see progress of treatment o REFERRAL o   initial assessment ("quick and dirty" assessment)  physicians assistants, psychiatric nurse, nurse practitioner, also some professions that can provide a referral upon initial assessment   provide information on onset, duration and medical status, also gathering information on motivation level of patient/client  SOCIAL WORKER  PSYCHOLOGIST  PHYSICIAN o THREE TYPES OF ASSESSMENT (formal assessment) o  interview + observation used to formulate a diagnosis   2 cautions: clinician/therapist keeps in mind before they start are   1. clinician only observing persons behaviour at one point in time in artificial environment (office) not natural environment  2. distinct possibility of observer bias, referral content has biggest potential for observer bias (b/c specialist already forming hypothesis in their mind)
More Less

Related notes for PSY240H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit