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Lecture 8

Lecture 8.docx

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Christine Burton

PSY312H-Lecture 8 June 11, 2012 Socio-Cognitive Development -Milestones-ages at which children should have developed social skills -Milestones-are guidelines, not all children will reach these skills by that age, most will but not all, farther away from the milestone the greater the concern Birth-2 months. Cognitive: -Can determine that infants habituate to the familiar stimuli -Habituation one of the easiest forms -Pattern most prefer is facial stimuli-social -Recognize facial expression, even at birth can produce emotional expressions -Right from birth can produce happy, sad, surprised, angry, scared, disgust -Habituation not unique, facial expression are unique to human beings Birth-2 months. Emotional: -Infant dependent on his or her environment to meet their needs 2-6 months: -See voluntary smiles as a response to interaction -Increasing eye contact, by 6 months a lack of eye contact will be a sign of a psychopathology-autism 2-6 months. Cognitive: -Qualitative change -4 months of age infants are described as hatching socially -Autism-not social, living in their own little world -Explore their own bodies -Sense of self-first stage of personality development 2-6 months. Emotional and communication: -Distinct facial expressions -Initiating games increases social development 6-12 months -Shows advances in cognitive understanding and communicative competence -Development of will and intentions 6-12 months Communication: -7mos adept of non verbal communication ex: pointing -By 9 months infants are aware of emotions -At least by 10 months babbling occurs -First true word-by about 1 year -Social interaction with actual words 6-12 months. Cognitive: -Exploration of the environment increases and mobility -Playthings -Imitation of parents and older children 6-12 months. Emotional: -Predominant mood changes -Tantrum 6-12 months. Linguistic: -Infants speak their first words -Respond appropriately to several simple statement -Points to major body parts and uses 4-6 words spontaneously and correctly -Average vocabulary of an adult -100,000-150,000 words 12-24 months. Emotional: -Separation anxiety-common to see in a 2 year old 12-24 months. Linguistic: -Most dramatic development -Childs vocabulary balloons the beginning of grammar -Learning 5-10 words a day Moral Development -Morals- the ability to differentiate between right (something should be doing) and wrong (something should not be doing) -Morals are not rules -Children by age of 2 are beginning to learn between should and should not -Theory of Mind focuses on other’s intentions -My understanding for the way you feel-empathy -Develops with experience -By 2 children understand a broken glass is a bad thing, however not good at understanding it was an accident -By 3 children can identify victims of harm -By 6 can recognize an unintentional victim- -By 7 can recognize victims who resist illegitimate requests Moral Development- any changes in observed judgments, behaviours and emotions regarding standards or right or wrong that occur in certain contexts across the lifespan -Right and
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