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Lecture 6

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Simone Walker

Psy321 Lecture 6 February 28 2014Culture LanguageCommunicationLecture OutlineHuman communicationCulture and languageThe SapirWhorf hypothesisNonverbal communicationIntraintercultural communicationVideosA World of DifferencesA World of GesturesHuman CommunicationConsists of verbal or explicit and nonverbal or implicit behaviour The paradox is that majority of messages they we convey are implicitly However we pay more attention to explicit communication Misunderstandings can occur in explicit communication because they can lack implicit cues for example in text messages emails etc Much of the human communication is automatic and is learned overtime through our exposure to culture We are very fluent in verbal and nonverbal communication methods It is a complicated process with many different open channels for message transmissionMuch of this process is automatic as we were never taught how to communicateWe are fluent in both verbal and nonverbal communication methodsCultures differ in the degree to which communication relies on explicit verbal information vs implicit nonverbal cuesHighcontext culturesPeople are deeply involved with each other Very close ties between individualsBecause of very strong ties there is much shared information that guides behaviourClear and appropriate ways of behavingThis information is widely shared and understoodDoes not need to be explicitly communicated Rely less on verbal communication and more on nonverbal communication because less words need to be used as much knowledge is sharedEx East Asian culturesLowcontext culturesLess involvement among individuals Less strong bonds between the individuals Smaller body of knowledge is sharedLess shared information to guide behaviourNecessary for people to communicate in more explicit detailOthers less able to fill in the gaps of what is not saidEx North American culturesAll cultures make use of both low and high context but with different amountsMany people dont like leaving messages on answering machines because the message lacks the implicit cues and they are not sure if the recipient would understand what they are trying to sayEx MiyamotoSchwarz 2006
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