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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 (Ch.8 - Attraction, Arousal Response).docx

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Ayesha Khan

NOTE: DUE TO POTENTIAL COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENTS, THE SLIDES HAD BEEN TAKEN OUT BY OWNER. SLIDE 1 - ATTRACTION, AROUSAL AND RESPONSE SLIDE 2 - Asexuality is different than deciding not to have sex or religious vocation - For reasons that are unknown, some people don’t experience sexual attraction (self or from someone else) - Little or no sexual attraction in their whole lifetime - Sexual pleasure is different than intimacy SLIDE 3 - It means that depending on which society you live in, it depends on what they think is attractive - In different cultures, different concepts of what is desirable - Preference of beauty started early in life - Experiment where babies are shown pairs of images and they found that babies look longer at the more attractive face whether it’s male face or female SLIDE 4 - One face is slightly altered and people usually found that the face on the right as more attractive - Digitally morph the images - Wide set eyes, the face is wider, the nose is narrower, full lips and delicate jaw - A lot of these characteristics are found in infants - Beautiful female faces are symmetrical and youthful - Symmetry of faces is also considered beautiful; larger amount of sexual partners; this represents health - Mid point of cycle is when ovulation occurs, the preferences during this time is different than when they’re not ovulating - Men judging attractiveness of women tend to be consistent; - Younger females with ability to conceive is attractive - Women’s judgment of attractiveness is based on the menstrual cycle SLIDE 5 - Masculine features tend to be what women look for in a short term partner - One night stands at time of ovulation - When not ovulating, tend to prefer less masculine men (purely based on anesthetics) - Having above optimal testosterone in males has a biological burden but the fact that he can handle it means he has good immune system in terms of evolutionary perspective - Want less masculine man to care for your children (more nurturing, etc) - Smell preference documented in women - MHC: it varies between individuals and the more unrelated you are to someone, the more different their genes are going to be; MHC is indirectly to scent - Smell differences in gene and you want to mate with someone with different gene pattern SLIDE 6 - Cell service receptors code for proteins and sit on cell surface and they recognize intruders (virus, bacteria, etc;) and preventive of intruders action - The fact that you have the ability to detect these intruders mean you have good immune system and this is related to scent - Women are able to detect the MHC similar and MHC differences - When an individual is on the pill, their cycle is disruptive and when on the pill, the ovulation doesn’t occur or it occurs but changes in the uterus NOTE: DUE TO POTENTIAL COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENTS, THE SLIDES HAD BEEN TAKEN OUT BY OWNER. SLIDE 7 - Inbreeding avoidance - Heterozygosity hypothesis: immunocompetance against more parasite types; breeding with close relatives so it doesn’t benefit offsprings - Rare allele hypothesis: possible protection from rapidly evolving parasites that may escape recognition by immune systems containing immune alleles - Diverse gene hypothesis: MHC alleles for offspring that are different from the parents’ own SLIDE 8 Masculinity-Femininity - SLIDE 9 BABY FACEDNESS SLIDE 10 - When waist to ratio shift, people tend to get less attractive - When who were ovulating and has a long term partner is being more flirtatious SLIDE 11 - you’re blind to your own choice, you tend to be able to discern who is more attractive fairly quickly SLIDE 12 - ATTRACTION INVOLVES SENSES BESIDES VISION SLIDE 13 - For females, when there’s humour associated with a picture, the picture seems more attractive - For males, when he thinks that the woman thinks that he’s funny, he’s going to find her more attractive (sexual receptivity) SLIDE 14 - What you see everyday in the mirror is different than how you’re photographed - You like the mirror image better of yourself, but people see you in a
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