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Lecture 10

PSY372 Lecture 10 (April 2, 2014).docx

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY372H5
Professor
Christina Gojmerac

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Description
- PSY372 Exam o April 11, 2014 o 9-11AM o DV2072 o Same format as midterm o 10 extra multiple choice o Pencil for scantron & pen for SA o Textbook and material after midterm  Some things were not covered in lecture, but may overlap with textbook, so you still need to know the material in the textbook - VIDEO o Eyewitness Testimony o Elizabeth Loftus th  Most influential women psychologist in the 20 century - Leading questions o Changing verbal usage in the questions o Wording had strong impact in speed estimate  More impactful words received higher estimate of speed o One week later, they were asked about details such as were there broken glass?  There were no broken glass, but people in smashed condition gave higher % of saying there was broken glass o Research started in 1970s o The research carried on for a couple of decades and it was only until 1990s when DNA evidence was used, that people were being exonerated o The exonerated people were usually convicted based on eyewitness testimony that proves to be faulty and not the most reliable source o But this information is still largely neglected, even in the criminal justice system - Laboratory vs. Real-life settings o Putting students through simulated crime scenes o Students get paid for it - The value o Witnesses are less accurate than people in lab setting o Underestimating the true real life impacts o Accuracy is lower in real life, some of the same factors can have impacts on both o More accurate when situation is observed longer o More accurate when immediately questioned about events - Eye witness testimony o Can’t control timing of the crime o Criminals don’t drag things on, it happens really fast - Video o Change blindness o We lose large changes in our environment and we don’t even notice o 75% doesn’t even realize o Maybe the people who noticed were paying attention to something of the person - How well do you pay attention? o Just for laughs gag o Similar scenario of change blindness o 50% didn’t notice it - Expectations can distort memory o Sometimes we remember things that we expect to remember o Fans of two different sports teams o If you’re cheering for your team, you will notice when other teams do your team wrong - Schemas for bank robbery o Usually a schema of a man - Expectations can distort memory o Study from the 1990s o Two groups of students o Two types of burglars  Swedish looking or immigrant - 2 (results o Only 30% were correctly identified o Both groups were twice as likely to select the innocent immigrant as culprit than the innocent Swedish o Stereotypes - Schemas o Simulated bank robbery o Worst information if info is irrelevant (car colour in regards to a burglary) o If there’s ambiguity, people tended to say that burglar was male - Graphs - Misleading post-event information o People witnessing crime o Introduction
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