Class Notes (835,494)
Canada (509,211)
Psychology (4,206)
PSY374H5 (42)
Lecture

PSY 374 Lecture 2.docx

11 Pages
130 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSY374H5
Professor
Stephen Arnott
Semester
Summer

Description
PSY374Lecture2LinguisticPrinciplesandPsychologicalMechanismsLinguisticPrinciples1Basicgrammaticalconcepts2AmericanSignLanguage3TransformationalGrammar4UnresolvedcontroversiesBasicgrammaticalconcepts1LanguagesdifferinwordorderInEnglishthebasicwordorderissubjectverbobjectSVOegTheboygavebooktogirlInJapanesethebasicwordorderisSubjectObjectVerbegTheboytogirlthatbookgaveInRussianthewordorderismoreflexibleasSVOSOVOVSOSVVOSbecausethemeaningisconveyedbyaffixesratherthanthewordorder2LanguagesdifferintypesofaffixesEnglishthelimitedtypesofaffixesegThegirlplayswiththetoySubjectverbobjecttheverbindicatestenseplayplayedplayingMandarinChineseindicatingtenseisoptionalRussiantheverbneedstoincludetenseaswellasgenderInTurkishthemeaningisalsoconveyedbyaffixesindicatewhethereventplayingwaswitnessedorwasjusthearsayFourlanguagefeaturesthatappearinalltheworldslanguages1DualityofPatterningAtonelevelthereisalargenumberofbasicmeaningfulelementsandatanotherlevelthereisasmallnumberofbasicmeaninglesselementsThesebasicmeaninglessunitscombinetoformlargenumberofmeaningfulunitsorwordsPhonesarespeechsoundsInthewordspillandspillthereare2differentphonemesofphandpthereisaspirationorpuffofairinpillphvsnoaspirationinspillpPhonemessmallestunitofsoundorcategoriesofphonesinalanguagethatchangethemeaningofawordItisindicatedbyslashesegbanddinbigvsdig1PhonemeshavedistinctivefeaturesacharacteristicofspeechsoundwhosepresenceorabsencedistinguishesthesoundfromothersoundsiefeatureofvoicingorvibratingvocalchordsinbbutnotpbilabialsoundarticulatedatlipandstoppedlungairflowinbvsfDistinctivefeaturesareusedforcreatinglinguisticrulesegportplortpbortSuchrulesincludethatawordcannotbeingwith2stopconsonantptbgdkoratthebeginningofawordvoicelessstopconsonantsareaspiratedDistinctivefeatureshavepsychologicalvaliditylistenersmorelikelytoconfusesyllableswhentheydifferinonly1distinctivefeaturebilabialegdamistakenforbabutnotfa2Morphology isthesystemofrulesthatgovernhowdifferentformsofthesamewordcanconveyslightlydifferentmeaningsItisthestudyofhowwordsarebuiltupfrommorphemesthesmallestunitofmeaningBedroomcanbebrokendownintobedroomFreemorphemesstandalonemorphemesliketruckBoundorgrammaticalmorphemesarenotwordthemselvesbuttheycontributetothewordmeaningwithaffixeslikeun3PhraseStructureSentencescanbedividedintoconstituentphrasesorgroupsofwordsthatfollowrulesegNounPhraseThelittledogburiedhisboneVerbPhrasephrasestructurerulessyntacticrulesthatspecifythepermissiblesequencesofconstituentsinalanguageegofrulesSentenceNPVPVerbPhraseVNPTheentiresequenceofrulesthatproducesthesentenceiscalleditsderivationIn the same sentences where the assignment of words to constituents is ambiguous sometimes more than one distinct phrase structure can be derived 4LinguisticProductivityistheabilitytocreateandcomprehendnovelstatementsourbrainisfinitesoindividualsstorerulesforcreatingsentencesegThechildthinksthemanleftSNPVSRecursiveRulearulethatappliestoitsownoutputegasentenceisembeddedinanothersentencesnolimittohowmanytimeswecandoitAmericanSignLanguage Differences between signed and spoken language2
More Less

Related notes for PSY374H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit