Key Terms- Christianity
1) Baptism- The sprinkling or immersion in water, the ritual by which a person is
initiated into membership in the Christian community. Baptism is considered a
cleansing from sin.
2) Glossolalia- Speaking in strange tongues, which is a principal feature of
3) Passion- The suffering and death of Jesus on the cross.
4) Pentecost- The fiftieth day after Easter, commemorated as the occasion when
Jesus’ followers experienced dramatically the presence of the Holy Spirit and the
ability to preach and be understood in different languages.
5) Sacrament- A ritual action seen as signifying divine grace. The most widely
accepted as sacraments are baptism and the Eucharist; the Catholic Church has
regarded these plus five others as sacraments since the thirteenth century.
6) Transubstantiation- The Catholic doctrine that the bread and wine of the Eucharist
are at the moment of consecration in the service miraculously transformed into the
body and blood of Christ.
7) Apostle’s Creed- A brief statement of Christian doctrinal belief dating from about
the third century but ascribed to the apostles or first generation followers of Jesus,
and often recited in unison by congregation.
8) Atonement- Christ’s restoration of humanity to a right relationship with God,
variously interpreted as divine victory over demonic power, satisfaction of divine
justice, or demonstration of a moral example.
9) Bishop- The supervising priest of a district called a diocese. In some branches of
Christianity the bishop has charge of