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RLG203 (Mar 18, 2013).docx

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Kyle Smith

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RLG203 Lecture - For the exam, look at the weekly guiding questions and the follow up questions to prepare yourself - Guiding question of this week: in what ways was Christianity transformed as a result of the Enlightenment and scepticism of the modern age? o How did all Christians change as the emergence of pressure? o Modern age: 1436-1789 (350 years of early modernity); move from feudalism to the rise of nation states, exploration, capitalism o Enlightenment is within modernity around 1650 – 1700s o 1436-1789 bookending the early modernity age - Scepticism: skepsis; to inquire - Agnosis, lacking knowledge o A (in Greek, means not that) - Science/Secularism/Scepticism o Circular, in which one drives the next o How did they change Christianity? th th - In the 16 and 17 century, saying that the earth moves and revolves around the sun was a problem for Christians, but in contemporary times, it’s not a problem for anyone - Constellations such as the Big Dipper o Stay relatively the same in relative to all the other stars o The planets wandered though - N. Copernicus o Published on his deathbed o Challenging the view of the cosmos and challenging against the Catholic Church o The map showed that the sun is in centre of the motion and the Earth moves around it o It means that the earth isn’t in the centre and that means humans aren’t in control or in the centre - Giordano Bruno o Burnt at the stake for heresy o Agreed with Copernicus’s theory o “Innumerable suns exist. Innumerable earth revolves around it...” - Galileo (1564-1642) o Use the telescope to look up at the sky o View Jupiter and saw different moons that were orbiting the planet o Observational proof that goes against the claims of the Catholic Church o He was a Christian as well o Science doesn’t have to contradict Holy Scripture; just have to understand how to read the Bible and not treat it like a scientific textbook o Saying that the Church’s interpretations are wrong o Kept under house arrest; he could carry on with his beliefs of Copernicus and do observations, but he was not allowed to publicly announce it so that’s why he was not killed - The structure of scientific revolutions (Thomas S. Kuhn) o Paradigm shift o Challenged the idea of how science came about that is step by step o Erratic break that completely revised everybody’s concepts; slow acceptance to the new theories and become the new basis towards this new paradigm until the next paradigm shift - The sun isn’t in the centre of the universe and neither is the earth - Hundreds and thousands of tiny planets - Reality of science is stranger and cruder than science fiction - Different galaxies picture - Stephen Hawking: “To my mathematical brain, the numbers alone make thinking about aliens perfectly rational” o Life elsewhere o Any sort of living organisms - Life was not found on Mars; NASA Rover finds conditions once suited for ancient life on Mars - Even if it’s just a microbe, why is it important for the history of religion? o Paradigm shift - The Origin of Species o Charles Darwin o Evolution of species o Contradicted the Bible passage about God created Adam and Eve o Contravene the literal meaning of the Bible o Evolution means random change - Telescope was considered a devilish instrument back in Galileo’s time - Substantial amount of Americans believe that humans only ever existed in the present form (42%) and about another 18% believed that evolution is true but it is guided by a supreme being - Can you be a Christian and believe in evolution? o Still a problem in this instance in terms of the concept of evolution; but not for all Christians - Intelligent Design o “The theory that life, or the universe, cannot have arisen by chance and was designed and created by some intelligent entity” o Evolution is still believable as long as there’s a divine hand that lead it and manage it - How do you reconcile that humans are created special? o When you defend one thing, it makes it hard to defend everything o Nature of humanity is changing - Technology is moving so quickly that it is changing us - Bionic Limbs - Blade runner - Iron Man - The US Government is developing similar things in which soldiers have an exoskeleton that does all the work for it - Stephen Hawking can’t do a lot of physical things and the only thing he could move are his eyes o His machine that speaks about 15 words per minute - Syfy Imagine Greater o Probing scientific questions - Augustine of Hippo o The literal meaning of Genesis (composed ca. 401-415) o The literal meaning also included spiritual meaning and allegories o The bible wasn’t a scientific textbook and can’t be read it that way o Understand the text in which the text are multiple layers and this brought Augustine to believe and become a Christian - What do you do with the passages and texts like the Bible given modern science? o Be like the Institute of Creative Research and bury your head in the sand o Adopt some means of accommodations; read the biblical text in a different way o NOMA (Non-Overlapping Magisteria)  Conventional resolution to the conflict  Realm of knowledge; domain of knowledge o Adopt agnosticism in which you just don’t know - What’s the astounding fact of the universe? VIDEO o Knowledge that atoms comprised life on earth o Cooked light element into heavy element o We are part of the universe, but the universe is in us o Atoms of stars make us o Want to feel connected - “Atheism 2.0”: Alain de Botton o Common way to divide the world into two parts: those who believe and those who don’t; the religious and the atheist (not just religion is wrong, that religion is ridiculous) o “believing in God is like believing in fairies” o New way of being an atheist o What is atheist 2.0? of course there’s no supernatural beings and angels and gods, thinking of along these lines...but they like Christmas carols, looking at old churches, people are attracted to the ritualistic, communal side of religion but don’t want to follow the doctrine, people used to o Picking and mixing; respectful and pious way of taking from religion and choosing things that they like and can be used from religion o Education that can make us better people  Western Europe started to find that the church goers were slipping in numbers and they began to worry about where were people going to find morality, sources of consolations  One voice said culture, in there will find teachings from the Bible  Replacing scripture with culture o All major religion called us children, in severe need of assistance and that we need help and tactile learning o Delivering sermons, classic way of delivering a religious message, so what’s the difference with that and lectures? Sermons want to change your life, lecture want to give you information  Want to go back to sermons to give lessons on morality  Repeating the lessons ten times a day, that’
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