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Week 6 VAIAVA, AIVA, AND KTA ORDERS
2 Major traditions in India:
1. Vaisnavism : communities that worship Visnu.
2. Saivism : communities who worship Siva.
Above communities have institutions + rituals + core doctrines, but not founder.
In past people know what Vaisnavism and Saivism were but they did not
For the renouncer, the ultimate goal is liberation form the cycle of rebirth, not
The Vedic texts are revered by most orthodox Hindus but there is a revaluation of
the Veda. Now people value the Upanishads -> considered the most valued of the
Vedic world: many gods.
According to the Gita, people can worship whatever form they want. If they are
devoted to the gods, they will reach the gods. If they are devoted to Krishna, they
will reach Krishna. Krishna lets people worship whoever they want to worship but
not all worship is equal.
Hindus worship many gods and one God! The only solution is that all gods are
reincarnations of the same God! Hinduism cannot be said to be monotheistic or
polytheistic -> it is something else.
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