lecture 7

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14 May 2011

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Ramayana: a traditional story. Hero of the story is Rama -> is worshiped today. Was
written in the late Vedic period where there many gods who were only 1 step above
What we read is a summary of the Ramayana known as transcreation (shorter than
translation). Valmiki is a version of the Ramayana which retells the story.
Story of the Ramayana: start in a typical Vedic world. King, Dasaratha, of the city
does not have a son, so he sacrifices to get a son. He gets 4 sons: Rama, Laksmana,
Bharata, and Shatrugna. Visnu is divided into the 4 sons where he is an avatar.
Rama is an avatar of Visnu. Sage comes to the king and asks to take Rama because
the sage wants Rama to fight the demons who are messing the sacrifices. King at
first doesnt agree because Rama is young, but later agrees. They go to the forest.
Contest who marries Sita. Rama breaks the bow and wins the contest -> marries
Sita. King wants to make Rama the king because the King is getting old, but the
other wife wants to make her son, Bharata, the king. King is forced to honour his
oath to her and make Bharata king and force Rama into exile. Rama, Laksmana,
and Sita go to the forest where the sages are. Rama is still a king in the forest +
renouncer at the same time! Female demon comes to the forest and wants to marry
Rama -> cut her nose. Ravana, the demon king, kidnaps Sita. He wants Sita for
himself. Ravana takes the form of a deer and Sita wants the deer. Rama shoots the
deer and the deer dies. Ravana abduct Sita in his airplane. Rama and Laksmara
meet the monkey king, Sugriva, + Hanuman (monkey minister, son of wind god, can
fly) -> they agree to help Rama if Rama helps them fight Vali (monkey). Vali was
trapped in a cave -> Sugriva thinks that Vali is dead so he marries Valis wife and
becomes king. Vali gets out of the cave and gets angry because he thinks that
Sugriva has planned this. Rama helps Sugriva kill Vali. Rama kills Ravana in
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