RLG205 - Lecture 8

53 views3 pages
Published on 27 Sep 2011
School
UTM
Department
Religion
Course
RLG205H5
Professor
Lecture 8 - The Theologization of the Ramayana
March 12, 2008
Agenda for today:
- 2 different theories about how the Ramayana was composed
- The kind of renunciation in the Ramayana
- The divinity of Rama
oThen the kingship (epic representation)
- The reception of the Ramayana
oHow the meaning of the text changes over time
oEvidence in the form of re-telling, the worship… and what people thought of
the Ramayana then and how its different than today’s point of view
oKavya (a type of text) to sruthi (reveal of the text- Veda text- authorless) ;
smrithi (text based on sruthi- authors are practitioners of the text)
oRamayana is not both
- Ramayana
o50 000 verses
oNorthern and southern version of the Ramayana
oBased on Tamil Ramayana
oCirca era – 800 000 BC
- Modern scholars – 2 theories – based on the epic content
o1) it is a late Vedic content– 750 -500 B.C
Argument – negative arguments based on historical evidence
No evidence of urbanization in Ayodhya
No evidence of Buddhism
oThere are some discussions about materialism but not
Buddhism
o2) dating post-maryan
3rd and 4th century B.C (later than 500 B.C)
Very good evidence for this argument
The centrality of divine kingship (didn’t have kingship )
The maryan empire is when you get the ideology of royalty ( so must
be post- maryan text)
An absence of something doesn’t mean that it didn’t exist
The writing : the language of Ramayana is kabia , literary writing
- the kingship (the Hindu ascetism)
orama takes on the role of an ascetic – kind of a paradox
ohe does this great act – gives up the throne
ohe accepts kaikayi’s request even if its unreasonable
orama, sita, and lakshamana – are not really ascetics – very strong and huge
and don’t really look like ascetics – they kill animals
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Lecture 8 - the theologization of the ramayana. 2 different theories about how the ramayana was composed. The divinity of rama: then the kingship (epic representation) Ramayana: 50 000 verses, northern and southern version of the ramayana, based on tamil ramayana, circa era 800 000 bc. Modern scholars 2 theories based on the epic content: 1) it is a late vedic content 750 -500 b. c. Argument negative arguments based on historical evidence: no evidence of urbanization in ayodhya, no evidence of buddhism, there are some discussions about materialism but not, 2) dating post-maryan. 3rd and 4th century b. c (later than 500 b. c) The centrality of divine kingship (didn"t have kingship ) The maryan empire is when you get the ideology of royalty ( so must be post- maryan text) An absence of something doesn"t mean that it didn"t exist. Dharma: 1) the violence needed to uphold civilization.