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Lecture

Lec one

2 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG206H5
Professor
Cary Takagaki

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Hinduism
The Vedas (knowledge, wisdom)
contained hymns to the gods, religious materi als and teachings used in
ritual sacrifices and in daily life
early texts of Hinduism that teach about the many gods
Varna (caste system)
Brahmans: priests
Kshatriyas: warriors
Vaishyas: merchants and artisans (providers)
Shūdras: farmers, workers and servants
Untouchables
The Hindu Tradition
Reincarnation
Karma: action; intentional act; the ef fect such actions leave that
influence the future of the actor
Atman: the soul or essence of ones self; Soul, permanent self
Samra (wandering-on: cycle of birth, death, and rebirth)
(1)Kāma
satisfy the desire for sense pleasure
considered the lowest goal because this urge is common to both man
and animals
(2)Ar tha
acquisition of worldly possessions or money, political power,
commercial competition
considered superior to kāma as it is noticeable mainly in human beings
(3)Dharma
observance of religious duties
since kāma and artha are rooted in selfishness, dharma is superior to
them
all Hindus are expected to choose this goal
(4)Moka
liberation from the cycle of rebirth and death
liberation achieved through God-realization
all without exception will eventually accomplish this in this life, or af ter
their death
those not so evolved may need several more incarnations
conscious effort or sincere spiritual practice can help one to achieve
this goal faster
everybody is unconsciously proceeding towards this goal
Brahman
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Description
Hinduism The Vedas (knowledge, wisdom) contained hymns to the gods, religious materials and teachings used in ritual sacrifices and in daily life early texts of Hinduism that teach about the many gods Varna (caste system) Brahmans: priests Kshatriyas: warriors Vaishyas: merchants and artisans (providers) Shdras: farmers, workers and servants Untouchables The Hindu Tradition Reincarnation Karma: action; intentional act; the effect such actions leave that influence the future of the actor Atman: the soul or essence of ones self; Soul, permanent self Samsra (wanderingon: cycle of birth, death, and rebirth) (1) Kma satisfy the desire for sense pleasure considered the lowest goal because this urge is common to both man and animal
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