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Lec one

Course Code
Cary Takagaki

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The Vedas (knowledge, wisdom)
contained hymns to the gods, religious materi als and teachings used in
ritual sacrifices and in daily life
early texts of Hinduism that teach about the many gods
Varna (caste system)
Brahmans: priests
Kshatriyas: warriors
Vaishyas: merchants and artisans (providers)
Shūdras: farmers, workers and servants
The Hindu Tradition
Karma: action; intentional act; the ef fect such actions leave that
influence the future of the actor
Atman: the soul or essence of ones self; Soul, permanent self
Samra (wandering-on: cycle of birth, death, and rebirth)
satisfy the desire for sense pleasure
considered the lowest goal because this urge is common to both man
and animals
(2)Ar tha
acquisition of worldly possessions or money, political power,
commercial competition
considered superior to kāma as it is noticeable mainly in human beings
observance of religious duties
since kāma and artha are rooted in selfishness, dharma is superior to
all Hindus are expected to choose this goal
liberation from the cycle of rebirth and death
liberation achieved through God-realization
all without exception will eventually accomplish this in this life, or af ter
their death
those not so evolved may need several more incarnations
conscious effort or sincere spiritual practice can help one to achieve
this goal faster
everybody is unconsciously proceeding towards this goal
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