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Cultural sociology part 2.docx

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Gregory Bird

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Cultural sociology part 2 - Test: need to do know general periods/time frames, not specific dates - Symbolic and learned aspects of human society - Ethnic culture -> ethnocentrism - Culture is relational (defines self against another) and exclusive (outsiders) - We can use socio to think about our own lives (what the term paper will be somewhat about) - We deal with issues subjectively Video: news clip - Republicans and unionists conflict - UVF launched attacks against people in their homes - Politicians: blame opposing sides’ rioters, worst violence seen in a decade - Cultural identity vs. provocative Culture and Ethnicity in Northern Ireland - Conflict of colonization - We think of Britain as civilized; diff. from N.I. - English/British ruled for ~700 years; released control over most of Ireland – divided Ireland into two; refused to relinquish northeastern part of Ireland b/c high % of Protestants pop’n - Rest of released island gradually become completely independent - Ireland operates more of as a province of Britain rather than a independent sovereignty like Canada - Didn’t take counties where there was a large Catholic population - Protestants were located all over Ireland during rule, sent by British; when civil war arose, moved up north - Unionists: largely Protestants, identify with British (culture and English language); promote and actively seek a relationship b/w N.I. and Great Britain - Nationalists: largely catholic, identify with Irish culture (language Gaelic although many cannot speak b/c decimated under rule); promote united, independent Ireland - British set up northern Ireland to ensure rule (divided up so that majority are Protestants b/c they want to keep ties and democratically, minorities cannot win – impossible/very difficult for Catholics to separate) - Protestants control wealth, upper class, main universities, politics, welfare programs (to exclude Catholics) - The troubles (1960s-1988): civil war b/w these two groups as result of ethnic discrimination; armed conflict b/w Irish Republican Army and various paramilitary groups (non-state sanctioned, such as
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