Class Notes (836,580)
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SOC100H5 (961)
Jayne Baker (345)
Lecture 9

SOC100 Lecture 9.docx

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Jayne Baker

February 7, 2013 Stratification Part 1 Stratification and Social Inequality - Relationships between stratification and crime and deviance - Activities outside of school are part of our background - These activities can help us in the future to become successful - They are beneficial in institutional settings like schools - There’s a certain amount of predictability in education outcomes - Our choices are constrained by class (our family’s class background - Our class, largely earned from past generations, Today - How does class amteter? - Explore the tension between choice and family background - How do sociologists explain social inequality Stratification and Inequality - Stratification: The way society is organized in layers or strata - Stratification: A society’s hierarchical ranking of people into social classes - Ladder: People are situtated on rungs of the ladder (top to bottom) - Social Inequality: How some people are ranked higher or lower (about stratification)  How does this ranking affect their life: standard of living, income, career,  Stratification is at the root of social inequality - There are different types of stratification and inequality - Class Inequality: has a strong influence on our lives Class/SES - Class: People associate class with money; Most associated with Karl Marx (obsessed with money) - In sociology: SES (socioeconomic status)  If it was about money then drug dealers would be in the same class as doctors  SES: a composite measure of income (job,), wealth (assets like condo, what you own, etc.), occupational prestige, educational background  We talk about how people vary in these four measures February 7, 2013 Income in Canada - About income distribution in Canada - Pie charts show the share of total income in Canada for different quintiles (dividing population into five parts)  1 Quintile: 20,000  2 Quintile: 40,000  Etc. - It shows them at two different time periods - There was a reduction of income for all quintiles except the top: their income increased - This is the trend in Canada - Rich are getting richer and poor are getting poorer. - This trend also in other countries - Government has a hand in distributing income throughout Canada February 7, 2013  Lower get some assistance from government with tax breaks, lower tax, etc. while higher gets taxed more and loses more income. A Tension in ‘Social Inequality’ - Choice vs. Family Background - Social mobility: up or down; any movement up or down the class hierarchy (stratification system)  In Canada we believe social mobility is possible through what you achieve in life.  People achieve what they deserve (meritocracy: You put in a lot of effort and try really hard, you have strong intentions to achieve something and you will!; Put in time to get reward) - Stratification is persistent over time  Stratification tends to be passed over generations  Most families, SES is the same  If your parents are middle class, then you will most likely be middle class  So is class ascribed or achieved?  Ascribed: born with  Achieved: worked for  Can be both  In society like Canada, class is an achieved trait (something that we work for, no
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