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SOC100H5 Lecture Notes - Nuclear Family, Incest Taboo, Social Inequality

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Suzanne Casimiro

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November 4th
Family and Religion
The Family: Basic Concepts
-family: a social institution that unites people in cooperative groups to care for
one another including any children
-kinship: a social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption
-marriage: a legal relationship, usually involving economic cooperation,
sexual activity, and childbearing
Global Variations
-extended family: a family consisting of parents and children as well as other
-nuclear family: a family composed of one or two parents and their children
Marriage Patterns
-endogamy: marriage between people of the same category
-exogamy: marriage from different categories
-monogamy: uniting of two partners
-polygamy: three or more people
opolygyny: two or more women
opolyandry: two or more men
Functions of the Family: Structural-Functional Analysis
-family performs many vital tasks for society
oregulation of sexual activity
incest taboo: forbids sexual relations or marriage between
certain relatives
osocial placement
omaterial and emotional security
Inequality and the Family: Social-Conflict and Feminist Analysis
-this approach points out how the family perpetuates social inequality
oproperty and inheritance: high class men’s need to identity their heirs
opatriarchy: to know their heirs, men must control the sexuality of
women; own them as property
orace and ethnic inequality: marriage within group supports racial and
ethnic hierarchies
Constructing Family Life: Micro-Level Analysis
ointimacy: etymology means `sharing fear`
oopportunities for sharing activities helps build emotional bonds
ocourtship and marriage as a negotiation to make the `best deal` on
their partner
oterms of exchange are converging men and women
Canadian Families: Class, Race, and Gender
-Social Class:
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