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SOC100 family and religion

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Suzanne Casimiro

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SOC100 November 4 th Family and Religion The Family: Basic Concepts - family: a social institution that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one another including any children - kinship: a social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption - marriage: a legal relationship, usually involving economic cooperation, sexual activity, and childbearing Global Variations - extended family: a family consisting of parents and children as well as other kin - nuclear family: a family composed of one or two parents and their children Marriage Patterns - endogamy: marriage between people of the same category - exogamy: marriage from different categories - monogamy: uniting of two partners - polygamy: three or more people o polygyny: two or more women o polyandry: two or more men Functions of the Family: Structural-Functional Analysis - family performs many vital tasks for society o socialization o regulation of sexual activity  incest taboo: forbids sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives o social placement o material and emotional security Inequality and the Family: Social-Conflict and Feminist Analysis - this approach points out how the family perpetuates social inequality o property and inheritance: high class men’s need to identity their heirs o patriarchy: to know their heirs, men must control the sexuality of women; own them as property o race and ethnic inequality: marriage within group supports racial and ethnic hierarchies Constructing Family Life: Micro-Level Analysis - Symbolic-Interactional: o intimacy: etymology means `sharing fear` o opportunities for sharing activities helps build emotional bonds - Social-Exchange: o courtship and marriage as a negotiation to make the `best deal` on their partner o terms of exchange are converging men and women Canadian Families: Class, Race, and Gender - Social Class: o working-class wives seek men who hold a steady job, do not drink, and it not violent o middle-class wives seek communication o middle-class children enjoy better health and achieve more than children born to poor parents - Ethnicity and Race: o Traditional family values eroded for Natives (residential schools) - Mixed Marriages: o Today, most Canadians approve of them (religion of ethnicity) - Gender: o few marriages are equal partnerships o marriage seems to be healthful for men Transitions and Problems in Family Life - divorce: many of today’s marriages eventually fall apart - causes: o individualism on the rise
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