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Lecture 3

SOC100H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Hidden Curriculum, Symbolic Interactionism, Twin Study


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC100H5
Professor
Nathan Innocente
Lecture
3

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Biology'or'Socialization
How$much$of$who$you$are$is$determined$by$your$genes$vs.$your$social$
environment?
Genetic$link$to$behaviou,$twin$studies
Epigenetic$tags: chemical$mechanism$attached$to$genes$that,$as$a$result$
of$outside$influences,$activate$or$suppress$specific$genes
!"#$%&'(')*+(")%,-'(.%/&(&,"0&10&,&#0%'2(%'(-&,&"%34(5#0(.%/&(6("+%,(
")6"(-*&'("*(6($%77&0&,"(762%.89(8*#:$(7*..*+(")&24
;<=('%2%.60%"8(%,(")%,-'(.%/&(>?(
>&4(@%A%.(+60(
Socialization
The$process$by$which$people$learn$culture
Behaviour$expected$of$a$person$occupying$a$particular$position$in$
society
Roles
Identity
B%")*#"(%,"&063"%*,(8*#(36,:"(7#..8($&A&.*1(6'(6(1&0'*,4(
Unleashing$human$potential
Formation$of$Self
A$sense$of$individual$identity,$in$relation$to$others$
Lifelong$process
>,("&02'(*7(%$&,"%"8('*3%6.%C6"%*,(%'(6(/&8(&.&2&,"(
>"(3*,"%,#&'("*(3)6,-&(%,"*(6$#.")**$(D%,$%A%$#6.(%$&,"%"8(
Importance$of$early$socialization$and$interaction$
B&(.&60,9($*9(6,$(30&6"&(-&,$&04(
E%*.*-%36.('&F(D%"(%',:"(26,G+*2&,(D%"'(,*026.%C&$4(>"'(6.+68'(H&&,(
6006,-&$4(
511*'&$( "*(DI6'3#.%,%"8(6,$(7&2%,%,%"8(%"(%'(.&60,&$4(
J*")%,-(,6"#06.( 6H*#"()*+(8*#($0&''( KA608L(
B&(0&%78(%"(6,$(76H0%36"&(%"(DH#"(")&0&:'(,*")%,-(0&6.(6H*#"(%"4(
M%77&0&,"(-0*#1'(+%..(")%,/($%77&0&,".8(H6'&$(*,(3%A%.%C6"%*,(
Agents$of$Socialization
Primary$K family,$their$goal$is$to$raise$a$functional$member$of$society
Secondary$K education,$more$and$more$responsible$for$socialization
Education
Increasingly$responsible$for$socialization
Hidden$curriculum$D .6"&,"(7#,3"%*,4(%&4(N#")*0%"89(H&%,-(*,("%2&9(
3*21&"%,-(%,(6").&"%3'
Merit,$deference,$punctuality,$competition
Early$gender$socialization
Self$fulfilling$prophecy
Symbolic$Interactionism
Peer$Groups
Individuals$of$similar$age$and$status
Separation$from$family,$independent$ identity
@6,(%,"0*$#3&( 8*#("*(")%,-'( 8*#(268()6A&(,*"( H&&,(%,"0*$#3&$( "**(
K1*'%"%A&(")%,-'L(4(J&+(%$&6'(6,$(,&+(&F1*'#0&'4(
Rejection,$rebellion,$discord,$lifestyle$parental$values,$experiment$with$
new$elements,$rebellion$
Mass$media
Fastest$growing,$most$engaged
SelfKsocialization$K6..*+'(#'("*('*3%6.%C6"%*,(%,"*(-0*#1'4( >&4(@60(%,"&0&'"9(
-*%,-(6,$('&603)%,-( %"(#1
O6'"&'"(-0*+%,-( 7*02(*7('*3%6.(2&$%6(D%,"&0,&"
!
I*'"(&,-6-&$(+%")(2&$%6(%'(PQRQS>!>5J4(
!
5,(")&(%,"&0,&"('*3%6.(2&$%6(%'(26''%A&()*+&A&09(+%")(2&$%6(
8*#(-&"('&.7D'*3%6.%C6"%*,4(
!
Can$media$cause$violence?$
!
Set$of$behaviours$associated$with$widely$shared$expectations$about$
how$ genders$should$ act
Gender$roles
Resocialization
When$powerful$socialization$agents$deliberately$cause$rapid$change$in$
people’s$values,$roles,$and$selfKconception
Initiation: ritual$rejection,$death,$rebirth
>7(8*#()6A&(")&(0%-)"("%2&(*7('*3%6.('"0#3"#0&9(8*#(36,(0&'*3%6.%C&(
1&*1.&4(P*(-&"(0%$(*7(")&(*.$(6,$(-&"(,&+(+&($*(")%'(")0*#-)( "*"6.(
%,'"%"#"%*,'
Segregation$from$old$status,$degradation/disorientation,$ acceptance$of$
new$culture
Total$Institutions
Setting$in$which$people$ are$isolated$from$the$larger$society
Under$strict$control$and$supervision
>&4(T0%'*,9(2%.%"6084(P)&8(3*,"0*.(8*#0(611&606,3&9($0&''9('163&9(
H*$%.8(7#,3"%*,'9(0&.6"%*,')%1'(
P)&8(3*,"0*.(&A&08")%,-(6H*#"(8*#9(%,"&063"%*,'
Dress,$behaviour,$interactions,$functions,$time,$space
Contemporary$Socialization$
Adult$Socialization
Growing$flexibility$of$identity
Globalization$and$amalgamation
Fashion$new$bodies$ through$ technology
B&(/,*+(")6"(*#0(%$&,"%"%&'(60&(-0*+%,-(2*0&(7.&F%H.&(K%&4(P)0*#-)(
2&$%6(8*#(36,(3)6,-&(8*#0(%$&,"%"8G611&606,3&L4(
U&,$&0('#0-&0%&'4(
T*'"2*$&0,%'2( D1%3/(6,$(3)**'&(+)6"(&.&2&,"'(8*#(+6,"4(V*#(
H#%.$(8*#0(*+,(10*7%.&9(8*#(60&,:"(H*#,$(28(6,8")%,-4(
>,()%'"*08(%"()6',W"(H&&,(6H.&("*(3)6,-&(")%'(76'"(7*0(6$#."'("%..("*$684(
Internet$– virtual$communities,$profiles$K1*'%"%A&.8(*0(,&-6"%A&.8L
People’s$identities$change$faster,$more$often,$more$completely
Chapter(3(*Socialization
Friday,$September$ 18,$2015
10:19$PM
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