Class Notes (834,657)
Canada (508,678)
Sociology (4,077)
SOC100H5 (957)
Lecture

Sociological Theory
Premium

3 Pages
95 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOC100H5
Professor
Suzanne Casimiro
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC100 September 14 th Sociological Theory Definition: a theory is a statement of how and why specific facts are related - two basic questions asked by sociologists: o 1. what issues should we study o 2. how should we connect the facts together - to answer the questions: paradigms/approaches/roadmaps Theoretical approach A basic image of society that guides thinking and research - structural-functional - social conflict o feminism The Basics - a macro-level orientation - society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability - key elements: o social structure: any relatively stable pattern of social behaviour o social function: refers to the consequence for the operation of society as a whole Important Sociologists – Structural Functionalists - Auguste Comte, Emile Durkhiem (suicide), Herbert Spencer (think of society as a human body), Talcott Parsons, Robert K Merton Robert Merton (1910-2003) - introduced 3 concepts related to social function o 1. manifest function: the recognized and intended consequence of any social pattern o 2. latent function: largely unrecognized and unintended consequence o 3. social dysfunction: undesirable consequence of a social pattern for the operation of society Critical Review - focusing on social stability and unity ignores inequalities o why are single parent families unequal or dysfunctional? - such inequalities case tension and conflict o how can we ignore them o how is one thing more normal than the other - the approach ends up being politically conservative The Social Conflict Approach The Basics - a macro-level orientation - society as an area of inequality that generates conflict and social change - highlights inequalities within our society o asks questions and ties it into conflicts in society  not about solidarity  money, power, social prestige, sexual orientation - look at ongoing conflict between dominant and mainstream groups and the disadvantages in the categories of groups in our society o men vs. women, white vs. black o what are the disadvantages? – playing field  want to reduce the inequalities – change and improve Key Elements - society is structured in ways to benefit a few at the expense of the majority
More Less

Related notes for SOC100H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit