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SOC209H5 (195)
Lecture 3

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Paula Maurutto

SOC 209 – Lecture 3 Representations of crime • Analysis of crime stats 1. Crime funnel 2. Police stats Different statistical systems 3. Self report surveys 4. Victimization survey • Media representations of crime • Another problem is that these stats are not interpreted correctly so they send out the wrong information. Crime Stats: • Significant case attrition • This stat shows how much crime there is and how much of it is reported • Few cases go down as a crime  Not all detected  Not all reported  Not all reported are recorded  Not many recorded result in crime  Not all are brought to trial  Not all tried are convicted  Not all are sentenced • Large proportion of crime is trivial, incidents such as bikes going missing doesn’t really get reported to the police, considered a waste of time  bigger issues on hand rd • 2/3 of sexual assaults do not get reported, due to fear of revictimization • Some go unreported • 84-85% crime is reported to the police, the other 15-16% is discovered by them • Discretion on cops for what they want to focus on, some cops on drugs and gangs while others focus on robberies • White collar crime is heavily unreported, and only reported once it becomes apparent and noted after an audit. • Change in crime rate is irrelevant to how much crime is actually accruing. • Prime activity in Canada: Police stats, and uniform crime reporting • Certain events can cause criminal justice authorities to be on alert, such as concerts where as compared to hockey games or sports events, there is a higher possibility of drug and alcohol consumption; ex1) rap and goth concerts Limitations of Police Stats • Justice system does not provide an accurate portrait of crime • A large amount of crime is not reported to the police • Overall crime tends to misrepresent the crime rate • Arrest/court data often measures of policy decisions • Crime rate is based on ratio of 100, 000 people Self- Report Surveys Victimization Surveys • Asks people about
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