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Lecture 3

SOC219 Week 3 The Mass Psychology of Rape.docx

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Jennifer Carlson

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SOC219 Brownmiller, S. 1993 – pp 11-30 Week 3 1. The Mass Psychology of Rape: An Introduction • Kraft-Ebing pioneered the study of sexual disorders, but had little to say about rape itself - He gave a generic statement about how most rapists were degenerate imbecilic men, but left it at that and didn’t expand his point further • Sigmund Freud who followed Kraft-Ebing’s works afterwards by 20-40 years also didn’t give much emphasis on rape, he was the father of psychoanalysis and invented the concept of the primary of the penis, but he never mentioned how the penis could be used as a weapon • Alfred Adler who has knowledge in the historic struggle for power between men and women does not mention rape • Marx and Engels were too busy focusing on their economic constructs of ‘exploitation’in every manner possible, except sexually through the action of rape • It was August Bel tried to grasp its importance and apply it to concepts such as class, private property, and the means of production - Used a Marxist analysis, the demand for labour power used for cultivating the ground was when the idea of rape as a weapon was first used, as women were laborers and used as objects of pleasure • By studying the historical usage of rape, we can understand how it is used in contemporary society and its current condition How it May Have Started (AHypothetical) • In pre-historic times, a female may have not wanted to mate with a male, however we can only assume this is during times of minimal intelligence, a male may have forcibly assumed himself onto a female out of sexual urge, but the female could have retaliated and would have fought back – this is would be the first retaliation • If it did not work through urge, the second time to initiate sex could have been planned, a pre-emptive strike which could involve many males to forcibly allow themselves onto a female which is now what is known as a gang rape • Succeeding in a forcible entry of the sexual genitalia against the female’s will could be seen as a success in the male’s eyes as he won the dominant role and put the female into a submissive state of fear – man’s genitals became a weapon 2. In the Beginning it Was the Law • Through the basis of sexual organs, females were naturally a victim to the ‘male predator’ • Even in the early stages of Hammurabi law, where the belief was “an eye for an eye”, there was no proper event for rape, it could not possibly be “a rape for a rape”, and if women tried to fight back they would often receive beatings or even death, as well as being impregnated and having to struggle with raising a child • Women had only one thing to rely on – other women, those of her own sex • Women were property of their men, (either their fathers or their husbands), and if they were raped it was the man who was seen as de-valued as his daughter/wife were no longer considered ‘pure’ • “Bride Capture” was – and still is – and event where a man would pick and choose a woman as his wife whether they agreed to it or not, if there was retaliation among the woman they often received violence • Man acquir
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