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Lecture 6

SOC221H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Pink-Collar Worker, Social Reproduction, Stephanie Coontz


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC221H5
Professor
nbb
Lecture
6

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February 12, y
Lec 1
What is gender?—> socially constructed
- How do we behave according to our gender? What are some differences?
- How might these two behave differently?
- Do you find these behaviours are socialized or natural?
FEMINISM
- The belief that men & women should have equal rights and opportunities
- Organized activity in support of women’s rights and interests.
- a multi — disciplinary approach towards equality based on social & performative
constructions of gender & sexuality, politics that create power imbalances
- a movement to achieve social & political change upon a basis of sec-equality in all human
relations
- not only limited to women but race, sexuality etc…
- A continuing process where individuals learn & internalize values, knowledge, language,
habits, customs, & social skills to conform to society.
- everything we do has been taught; e.g. talking, acting,…. they have been socially constructed
- knowledge is info, facts & theories which a society or culture defines what is true & important
ESSENTIALISM
- set attributes & characteristics
- sexual diff is innate, inborn, persistent, & natural
- essentialist position: “belief there is an immutable, external, and transhistorical essence of
femaleness & maleness”(Lexicon of the Debates)
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February 12, y
Lec 2
5 Areas of Kinship
1. conception
2. incest
3. household/residence
4. parent
5. marriage
- universal description of a family is problematic
What is a family?
- a changing definition
What makes a family?
-parents, siblings, marriage contract, relationship
Are we limiting families?
FAMILY
- determine who is responsible for providing financial and emotional support for children
- rights over and to children
- refers to who is responsible for household maintenance: pay rent, mortgage, taxes
- access to pension, benefits, assets
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February 12, y
CENSUS FAM
- married couple & children
- common law couples and children
- lone parents & at least one child
- grandchildren & grandparents
- all family members living in one dwelling
- couples may be opposite or same sex
- children by birth or adopted
ECONOMIC FAM
- a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other
by blood, marriage, common — law or adoption
- a couple may be of opposite sex or same sex
- foster children are included
- border concept
Are the definitions inclusive of ALL family forms? NO!
e.g roommates, cousins, living caregivers, orphanage…
- Nuclear families are defined as parent(s) and unmarried children
NUCLEAR IDEOLOGY
- Socially constructed as “ideal”
- westernized ideology of the nuclear family as the primary social unit
- hyped in the 1950s as the “American Dream”
TYPES OF FAMILIES
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