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Lecture 6

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC231H5
Professor
Zaheer Baber
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 6 Societies are arranged differently Ideology it is a lubricant that connects structure and agency (a set of ideas) We are plugged into social relationships The ideologies we have influence what we do or what we don’t do Marx coherent set of ideas that are mask, hide and “naturalize” social inequalities, power etc. “This is how the world is; there is no other alternative Unmasking ideologies, the view point of world is coming from a set of individuals who are in power and have a certain view point “The American Dream” The notion that it the world would never change, not true society can be transformed by ideologies Ideology: the ideas of people in power are more dominant (they have more backing) 6 corporations control 90% of the Media “News,” serious discussion vs. profit driven “reality TV” Cutting back on regulations, it will lead to more prosperity for everyone Engels on Patriarchy: women’s subordination is not natural, but a consequence of particular social relations that produce gender unequal outcomes Monogamous, patriarchal family: is not a natural, there has been an endless form of family there isn’t one set pattern, but it is a socially constituted entity In hunting and gathering societies: there is no private property (this idea that a piece of land belongs to me), there is communal possessions. The type of family they form is a group marriage, inheritance in through the mother, women have more power, and there is no surplus which causes no class, because no one person has more than others Agricultural societies: the creation of surplus and emergence of private property, men want their biological children to inherent their private property, in order to identify their biological children they establish monogamous rules and monitoring women’s sexuality to ensure that it’s their children that the inherited Structural forces outside the family influence women’s gender role Under Capitalism: there is rigid gender roles enforced Ideologies of “chastity” for women, but not for men: women are seen as sluts while men are called studs and their behavior is encouraged There is more social control of women’s sexuality not men’s Theoretical relevance of Engels “private domain” of family – larger social structure Theoretical significance of Marx and Engels “We turn to Marx not because he is infallible, but because he is inescapable” Every time there is a crisis, globalization the forces driving it, we use Marx What is “Theory”? Map Analogy: abstraction It proves a map of what is going on in the world Theory is necessary • You can avoid how the structures of capitalisms Society: structure – agency dialectic/SOC – individual • It is an endless and different levels of networks, it is not confined Human make society even as society makes the in unequal structural relationships Class: “Social inequality” along class lines; access to power and resources depends on “class” and “gender” position “Society” = between Marx’s “predications” in Calhoun text – “the communist manifesto” – most were quite accurate • Environmental limits to unrestrained capitalism He argued that we have unregulated capitalism, there are environmental limits and the environment as the ultimate barrier to (Climate change, pollution in China and India) “Regulated “vs. “unregulated markets” vs. “regulated” to benefit oligarchic capitalism Olliargate Capitalism: a few corporations control everything “Choice between socialism or barbarism” Response to endless capitalist crises and increasing inequality: recent Oxfam study 85 individuals = 3.5 billions “the general strike” (Greece re
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