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Lecture 6

SOC231H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Group Marriage, Oligarchy, Social Inequality

Course Code
Zaheer Baber

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Lecture 6
Societies are arranged differently
Ideology it is a lubricant that connects structure and agency (a set of ideas)
We are plugged into social relationships
The ideologies we have influence what we do or what we don’t do
Marx coherent set of ideas that are mask, hide and “naturalize” social inequalities, power etc.
“This is how the world is; there is no other alternative
Unmasking ideologies, the view point of world is coming from a set of individuals who are in
power and have a certain view point
“The American Dream”
The notion that it the world would never change, not true society can be transformed by
Ideology: the ideas of people in power are more dominant (they have more backing)
6 corporations control 90% of the Media
“News,” serious discussion vs. profit driven “reality TV”
Cutting back on regulations, it will lead to more prosperity for everyone
Engels on Patriarchy: women’s subordination is not natural, but a consequence of particular
social relations that produce gender unequal outcomes
Monogamous, patriarchal family: is not a natural, there has been an endless form of family there
isn’t one set pattern, but it is a socially constituted entity
In hunting and gathering societies: there is no private property (this idea that a piece of land
belongs to me), there is communal possessions. The type of family they form is a group
marriage, inheritance in through the mother, women have more power, and there is no surplus
which causes no class, because no one person has more than others
Agricultural societies: the creation of surplus and emergence of private property, men want their
biological children to inherent their private property, in order to identify their biological children
they establish monogamous rules and monitoring women’s sexuality to ensure that it’s their
children that the inherited
Structural forces outside the family influence women’s gender role
Under Capitalism: there is rigid gender roles enforced
Ideologies of “chastity” for women, but not for men: women are seen as sluts while men are
called studs and their behavior is encouraged
There is more social control of women’s sexuality not men’s
Theoretical relevance of Engels
“private domain” of family – larger social structure
Theoretical significance of Marx and Engels
“We turn to Marx not because he is infallible, but because he is inescapable”
Every time there is a crisis, globalization the forces driving it, we use Marx
What is “Theory”? Map Analogy: abstraction
It proves a map of what is going on in the world
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