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Lecture 4

SOC232 - Week 4 Readings on Bell, Merton, Goffman, Lancan, King, Mills, Friedan.docx

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Erik Schneiderhan

Week 4 Readings Bell Radical Hegelian who said man could • “The End of Ideology in the be free if he could demythologize West” − Old Ideology: Talks about religion Hegelians Feuerbach and Marx  Bell says that not only does ideology transform into ideas, but ideology transforms people as well which leads to social movements − New Ideology: New era was fueled by Freud, Tillich and Jaspers  Asia and Africa are showing new ideology for their own people 19 Century Ideologies New Ideologies Were universalistic, humanistic and fashioned byAre parochial, instrumental and created by political intellectuals leaders Driving forces included social equality and Driving forces include economic development and freedom national power Merton • “Manifest and Latent Functions” − Manifest Function: Conscious and deliberate action − Latent Function: Unintended, unconscious and unrecognized consequences Example: Manifest function in Hopi rain dance: Produce Rain (the outcome is intended and desired by people) Latent Function in Hopi rain dance: Reinforce the group identity by providing group members to engage in common activity. • Findings concerning latent functions represent a greater increment in knowledge Goffman • “One Face-Work” What is the link between line and face?? Face is a mask that changes depending on the audience and the social interaction. People are emotionally attached to their faces, so they feel good when their faces are maintained – loss of face or wearing the wrong face results in emotional pain. When there is social interaction, people cooperate using politeness to maintain each other’s faces. Lancan • “The Mirror Stage” − Talks about young children (18mos – but there is an exclusion Baldwin who showed recognition at 6mos) which are able to recognize their own images in a mirror (images are referred to as imago) Week 4 Readings − The recognition is indicated in the mimicry of the Aha-Erlebnis (which Kohler sees as the expression of appreciation – an essential stage in intelligence) − One the child identifies himself he can develop the “I” which turns into the ego Cesaire (known for poetry and drama as well as discourse for coloniaColonialization = “Thingification” -Essentially the colonized become • “Between the Colonizer and Colonized” (writing takes proletariats, the process called the structure of a poem) proletaritarianism “Between the Colonizer and the colonized there is room only for forced labor, intimidation, pressure, the police, taxation, theft, rape, compulsory crops etc.” – Cesaire − Between the colonizer and the colonized there are relations of dominion that turn the colonizing into army sergeants and the colonized into instruments of production. • Because of his views on imperialism, Cesaire has become an Enemy of Europe, while stating that through colonialization, Europe has become the human
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