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chapter 13 reading &lecture note

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Lingqin Feng

Chapter 13: Sibling Relationships and Situations Introduction: Key aspect of chapter: The combined effect of the environment, including the familial one, and of genetic inheritance in the development of siblings life course At least 80% of Canadians have at least one sibling. And it usually outlasts the parent-child relationship. When children reach adulthood in Western Cultures the sibling relationship continuing becomes optional. (other cultures arent) The Sibling Relationship Begins Each child enters the family at a difference moment in its history and contributes to changing this environment. The only child becomes the older child parents spend more time interacting with their children altogether but they have less time for each child individual + economic resources available per person diminish. o Money + time diminish The arrival of a second baby generally means that the older child has a lower chance of experiencing a parental divorce. (the reason can be that happier couples are already more likely to have another baby) Parents give more attention to younger than older children. Result the first-born child occasionally suffers from a variety of problems of adjustment, including anxiety, clinging behavior, bed-wetting and even aggressiveness. Additional infants benefit from the experience that parents have acquired with their earlier-born children. (first to test the waters) Consquences of Childrens Spacing With four years or more of spacing between the 2 children, the parents relationship with the first born may continue to be exclusive during a portion of the day as the baby sleeps. (little competition) In terms of educational achievement, children do less well, on average, when they are closely spaces. (less individual time if siblings are close in age follow the same routine) (younger child benefits from having a older more developed sibling and parents with more time) Consequences of Family Size Large sibling groups generally do not do as well at school, on average, as children from small families. (neither do they do better professionally as adults) The concept uses to explain this family size effect is the DILUTION OF PARENTAL RESOURCES. o This means that parents have fewer nonexpendable resources for each child individually (time, attention, economic etc) NEGATIVE: Larger families learn less + aggressiveness appears. Lack of group + lack of privacy. But of course there are exceptions to this rule there is no effect on larger families to Muslim Arabs (as extended familyhamula supports the nuclear family) Advantages to a large family: o Siblings are more affiliative, more affectionate, good leaders, less prone to depression or otherwise healthier. They may be less individualist and more cooperative. (better at sharing) Child and Adolescent Sibling Relationships Munn and Dunn (1988) report that brothers and sisters hose personalities are compatible or complementary experience a more harmonious relationship that those who are temperamentally incompatible. Older and Younger Siblings Found that it was the older childs personality that more strongly affected the distribution of power in the relationship. Agreeability in the older child is a predictors of harmony.
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