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Lecture 3

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Lina Samuel

Lecture 3- soc244 Pre industrial family systems in Europe and Canada Slide 3 - After the Punic wars, the power of the patriarchy – of the father figure really went down. Women as well, commanded a great deal of their own power – the early Christians moved back to that patriarchal family – and Christians tended to lower the status of women. It was very important to marry and reproduce families – these legislations focused on celibacy – but adultery, prostitution were considered wicked and sinful and was very different from the ancient families which actually promoted prostution – so there was a different outlook on sexuality and family at this time. The early Christians disapproved the marriage of 7th degree cousins – and in a small isolated village its hard to meet someone that is not related to you – the laws around the 12th century – marriage becomes a sacrament of the catholic church. So you can see how the clergy incorporated themselves into the marriage – they wanted their presence there within the marriage cerremonies – so theer was a lot of contraditctions in this time – how you view marriage, etc. - No divorce, but poor families ended by abonding each other. Slide 4 - Important historical moment – in terms of the family – martin luther doc of theology – created a new church – endorsed civil marriages ** - rahter then church marrriages – so then marriage was see as a civil contract between men and women blessed by god not the chruch. So it’s a civil contract and because it is civil you can get out of it because it is writtien – but it was still hard for women to get a divorce and the contract was regulated by the state –and regisred by the state – individual responsibilities within that marriage Confessions – were abolished as well under this. Tracey Adams – very detailed description of medieval life in England - Slide 5- Tracey Adams – very detailed description of medieval life in England – gives detailed examination of family life in medieval England – the nature of production shaped by relations is the point of her work - the shape of the family is connected to the production of a country. It shaped from structure, family relations etc. - The king was at the top of structure – owned vast amounts of land, below were serfs who were tied to portions of land – freeman – were not attached to the land could become wealthy on their own right – last ;artisans – village centres. - The wife was seen as part of this large household if husband died, the land when to the son, or the brother of the deceased man, - The children from the peasantry and serfs – very difficult – expected to work until the 18th century. – 70% of them were farmes – large amount of invidiauls were working in farming and agriculture - - until 19th century – were illiterate and uneducated population. - Children who were very wealthy – only ha access to education etc. - People did not really travel in this period – did not go out of their villages – there was not much communication between other villages. - Most Europeans reached only as afar as they could see – to the ends of the fields – the edges of the village s- every community was very closely tied had their own celebrations etc. - In towns – oyu have more salary tied individuals – salary labors, free artisans – emerging middle class in the towns lawyers, town officiers, teachers, europe at this time was beginning to become rational, building ships measured society for the upper class – arithmetic was very important. - - nobles participated in investment and banking the most. - slide 6 - Women were involved in politics, culture, had luxurious houses, summer would move to their cottages, you get a snes of that type of lifestyle nad the distinction between that type of people and the people the peasants for example living in Russia – it was very diff types of ppl and diff lifestyles and very little interconnection between upper class nad the peasants- tht works the lands of the nobles and the lords. Production was a family business – key points from tracey Adams – all the people in the household were involved in production – it was the family was a unit of consumption as well as a unit of production *** so the contribution of every single member of the family was highly valued and visible. In the agricultural community – get deal of connection between other peasant households – collectively everyone is harvesting at the same time, and planting at the same time – it was a collective process. Young Children worked and taken out to get apprenticeships but increasing supply of cheap labour this leaving young children with apprentor soon ended. Husbands and wives were mutually dependant on each other** Marriages were economic arrangement – they were given dower lands – usually passed on their son or brother if father died. Marriages tended to be more economic and political – it was more when you were older because they husband and wife both had important roles to play in the structure of family The nature of production and consumption – shaped family structure *** Slide 9 - She sees how roles of men and
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