soc244- lc 8 - nov 8 2011
Impact of Immigration on Families
Erick fong - 2055 - 2 / 10 were immigrants.
- 1910- 1919- 1.9 million immigrants - slowed down in 20s & 30s and picked up after
- 1960s - canada introduced the point system - where the govt looked at specific
characteristics that certain immigrants had. - the introduction of the point system -
substantial number of individuals still came under the unification act or political refugees.
The govt focused on skills & education. Recent immigrants have far higher levels then
the immigrants coming in at the turn of the century.
- changes to professional schools - makes it much more difficult for an overseas engineer
come in and work and participate in engineering.
- women came into 1960 s- they had come as nurses to fulfil the labor need of nurses in
canada and fit in very easily into nursing schools - very successful careers - however its
much more difficult for someone to come in despite high levels of education because
Canada produces its own doctors now, own nurses, etc. So professional schools are
increasingly becoming more restrictive in the ways in which foreign professionals are
able to practice.
- difficult for university graduates to get work with Canadian degrees- real change in
where the individuals were coming from - and how they were finding work - it was very
hard for immigrants.
- most immigrants in the 20th century that were coming - moving to the west and rural
areas - now the trend changed- as Canada itself went through urbanization - the
distribution of immigrants reflects the general population - but immigrants are always
settled evenly throughout Canada- vast majority settle in cities- because of jobs, or for
- largest proportions of immigrants in Toronto and Vancouver - around 80% from 1991 to
- the population of those cities are in immigrant form.
How have families been shaped through govt policies:
- immigrant experinces have shaped how our families have formed nad who we are -
large dynamics o resources - employment and jobs - the process of immigrantion - shows
that it always hasnt been so great.
- women face also this double pressure - being racialized - but being a women a well.
chinese community was considered a bachelor community - becuase its a community of
only men - there were a smal portion of chinese merchants - that were allowed into the
country with their wives - but only chinese men were wanted to come into canada.
- looks at how chienese mascuinity was represented as dangerous and feminie- chinese
men were seen as looking after european women - Madge- they tried to seduce european
- how the group themselves internializes those perceptions or reject them.
- very similair bariers in terms of coming into cnada.
South Asian Families : indentured labor, - a certain group of commercial migrants. - the biriths tended to exploit the labor of indians - the indenture system = replace the
slaves working in the plantations.
- they were subjected to similar immigration policies as the Chinese.
- the first Indians arrived in births columbia in 1889. - punjabi Indian groups that were
stationed in hong kong - were travelled to canada - for the coronation of Edward the 2.
- lots of them worked on the railway - they were not able to participate with the
Columbian militia - based on racist ideologies.
- early historians researching southasiasn -there was a deeply imbedded racist ideologies
that made them look like threats.
-- 1910 - raising ni which to prevent south asian from coming into canada. only in 1932
Japanese Families :
- historically they tended to live primarly male.
- regulation of immigration - japanese govt restricted the number of poeple from coming
into canada to prevent diplomatic ties with Canda. after 1928 - Japanese immigrants-
were placed on a very strict quota system.
- anti Japanese sentiments rose to its peaks after Pearl Harbor.
- the authority of first generation parents really weakened as a result of tis force
movement - this force evacuation by the federal govt - this was the basic denial of human
- the disruption of Japanese families continues through the end of the war.
- men were giving priority until 1932.
- this dependent status - when we look at women in violence.
Radhakrishnan - 2003 - looked at the ways in which the indian immigrant identity.
- the first processes if the indian immigrant is to surpress and to hide and assimilate a
strategy for assimilation.
- WEB Du Bois - after periods of time - reasseting more ethnic,
- merging of the ethnic identity - is this new construction of the immigration is it
powering or not?
Assimiltion - taking in the dominante group over the other groups.
- segregation - intergroup relations - physical seperpation of differnt groups.
multiculturaism - one way of managing differnt groups of poeple - subordinate groups do
not have to dismiss who they are - their cultural patterns and so on - in theory -
pluraism is suppose to be based on mutual respect.
- Canadian Youth Culture - Brian Wilson and Shanoon Jette - looks at youth and family.
- begins at leisure patterns - what are they doing and igves a good literature review
section - and his case study is on the rave culture.
- prior to industrial revolution - they are seen as young adults - children. and alreayd had
- from agrarian to industrial lifestyl e- gave rise to what we are more familiar with - in
terms what youth is all about - also gave rise how we think aobut youth.