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Lecture 3

SOC275 WEEK 3

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC275H5
Professor
Hae Yeon Choo
Semester
Spring

Description
Multiple masculinities " Hegemonic masculinity: A particular form of masculinity that is the most honored and highly recognized in society, and one that becomes the gold standard for other types of masculinities and femininities KEY IDEA: NOT MONOLITIC, HAS DIFFERENT INTERNAL HIERARCHIES Subordinated masculinity­ affiliated with femininity, SPONGEBOB= “feminine  masculinity” “Sponge bob and Patrick test their parenting skills by temporarily adopting or caring for a jellyfish baby. Sponge bob is shown as the stay­at­home mother who performs all household tasks, including childrearing, whereas Patrick is the breadwinner father.” Emphasized femininity “An exaggerated form of femininity; women conforming to the needs  and desires of men” I.E: “The movie I choose is Mean Girls. This movie fails the Bechdal test  because the two main girls, Regina and Cady fight over winning the  affection of a male named Aaron! Their roles in the movie are to play as the  “sex objects” in high school, the girls that every guy wants to be with, and  every girl wants to look like. Cady is intelligent but throughout the movie  feels the pressure to “dumb” herself down in order for her to get attention  from he desired male, Aaron .…” R.W Connell— Hegemonic Femininity=  i.e Hilary Clinton= equally as powerful, important role in American politics. = opposite of this.  The more successful a woman= less feminine  Sociology: Critique of Biological Determinism “biology is not destiny”.  MALE/FEMALE Biology does not dictate what an individual should be  ­ LEGO MARKETING: o Legos = for boys o 1981 vs. Present  o SEX ROLE THEORY: Men and women are socialized into TWO different role (Dichotomy/ Binary Gender roles”  ­ Beyond Sex Role Theory and Gender Socialization " Minimizing the importance of gender, especially the multiple levels of social structures and  institutions " Provides singular (not multiple) definitions of masculinity and femininity”  “role” is too fixed: Ignores the relational & situational character of gender " Neglects the power relations within gender, making ge
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